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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Herod Antipas||View Options:  |  |  |   

Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.

Herod Antipas is best known for his role in the executions of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. Antipas' father, Herod the Great, designated him to succeed, but the rule of Judaea was at the whim of Augustus. Antipas and his brothers Archelaus and Philip, all raised in Rome, were each given a part of the kingdom. Antipas was given the title Tetrarch and rule of Galilee, Peraea, and Jewish Trans-Jordan. He sponsored grand construction projects at Sepphoris, Betharamphtha, and his new capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. Antipas divorced Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabataea, and married his sister-in-law and niece Herodias. The divorce led to war with Aretas, in which Herod was defeated. John the Baptist condemned the marriage, for which Antipas had him arrested and executed. The Gospel of Luke states that Jesus was first brought before Pontius Pilate for trial. Pilate handed him over to Antipas, but Antipas sent him back to Pilate's court. In 39 A.D., his nephew Agrippa I accused Antipas of conspiracy against the new emperor Caligula. Caligula sent him into exile in Gaul. Accompanied there by Herodias, he died at an unknown date. All coins of Antipas were minted in Tiberias, the capitol city he founded c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius. All his coins are rare and very rare in better than poor condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear.Judaea after Herod


The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 33 - 34 A.D.

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POSSIBLE CRUCIFIXION YEAR COIN. The Bible does not tell the date of the Crucifixion, but based on Biblical clues, the Jewish calendar and astronomical evidence many scholars believe it was Friday, April 3, 33 A.D. John the Baptist began his ministry in 28 or 29 A.D. and the Gospel of John points to three separate Passovers during Jesus' ministry. Jesus was executed on the orders of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect of Judaea from 26 to 36 A.D. This limits the years to between 30 and 36 A.D. John P. Meier's, A Marginal Jew, cites 7 April 30 A.D., 3 April 33 A.D., and 30 March 36 A.D. as astronomically possible Friday Nisan 14 dates during this period. Isaac Newton, using the crescent of the moon, determined the year was 34 A.D. but John Pratt argued that Newton made a minor computation error and 33 A.D. was the accurate answer using Newton's method. Using similar computations, in 1990 astronomer Bradley Schaefer arrived at Friday, April 3, 33 A.D. A third method, using a completely different astronomical approach (consistent with Apostle Peter's reference to a "moon of blood" in Acts 2:20) based on a lunar Crucifixion darkness and eclipse model arrives at the same date, Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.
JD40425. Silver half shekel, RPC I 4693, Prieur 1463, BMC Phoenicia -; only one coin from this year in the hoard, aF, weight 6.249 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PNΘ (year 159) over club left, KP over BA? right, Aramaic aleph between legs; very rare year; SOLD


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Antipas' most noted construction was his capital on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee Tiberias, so named to honor his patron Tiberius. Residents could bathe nearby at the warm springs of Emmaus, and by the time of the First Jewish-Roman War the city's buildings included a stadium, a royal palace and a sanctuary for prayer. It gave its name to the sea and later became a center of rabbinic learning. Pious Jews at first refused to live in it because it was built atop a graveyard and therefore a source of ritual impurity; Antipas had to colonize it using a mixture of foreigners, forced migrants, poor people, and freed slaves.
JD87492. Bronze unit, Hendin 1203; RPC I 4922; Meshorer TJC 79; Meshorer AJC II p. 242, 5; BMC Palestine -; SNG ANS -, aVF, earthen highlighting, spots of mild corrosion, weight 11.022 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 330o, Tiberias mint, 29 - 30 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), palm branch, L - ΛΓ (year 33) across fields; ex CNG e-auction 426 (8 Aug 2018), lot 269; rare; SOLD


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Pontius Pilate sent Jesus to Herod for judgment. "Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing...And mocking him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate." (Luke 23:7-15)

All the coins of Antipas are rare and very rare in nice condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear. The coins were minted in Tiberias, a capital city founded by Antipas c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius.
JD87408. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1212; Meshorer TJC 88; RPC I 4931; BMC Palestine p. 229, 6; SNG ANS -, aVF, dark patina with earthen encrustation, weight 4.62 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), palm branch, L - ΛZ (year 37) across fields; ex CNG e-auction 425 (25 Jul 2018), lot 224; rare; SOLD


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Herod Antipas is best known for his role in the executions of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. Augustus divided the kingdom of Herod the Great, among his three sons. Antipas was made Tetrarch of Galilee, Peraea, and Jewish Trans-Jordan. Antipas sponsored grand construction projects at Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and his capital Tiberias. Antipas divorced his first wife Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabataea, and married his sister-in-law and niece Herodias. The divorce led to war with Aretas, in which Herod was defeated. In 39 A.D., his nephew Agrippa I accused Antipas of conspiracy against the new emperor Caligula. Caligula sent him into exile in Gaul. Accompanied there by Herodias, he died at an unknown date.
SH87945. Bronze full denomination, Hendin 1207, Meshorer TJC 83, RPC I 4926; BMC Palestine -, SNG ANS -, F, very dark green-brown patina, encrustations, weight 13.851 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 30 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias), inscription in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY, palm branch, date L - Λ∆ across fields (year 34); ex Goldberg auction 106, lot 1148; ex Palm Desert Collection (purchase from Spink, 450, 1970s-1980s), ex Spink & Son; rare; SOLD


Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D., In the Name of Caligula

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Antipas' fall from power resulted form a jealous dispute between his nephews, Herodias and Agrippa. Josephus relates that Herodias, persuaded Antipas to ask Caligula for the title of king for himself. However, Herodias' jealous brother, Agrippa, simultaneously presented the emperor with a list of charges against the tetrarch: allegedly, he had conspired against Tiberius with Sejanus (executed in 31 A.D.) and was now plotting against Caligula with Artabanus. As evidence, Agrippa noted that Antipas had a stockpile of weaponry sufficient for 70,000 men. Hearing Antipas' admission to this last charge, Caligula decided to credit the allegations of conspiracy. In the summer of 39 A.D., Antipas' money and territory were turned over to Agrippa, and Antipas was exiled. The place of his exile is given by Josephus' Antiquities as "Lugdunum" in Gaul. Caligula offered to allow Herodias, as Agrippa's sister, to retain her property. However, she chose instead to join her husband in exile. Antipas died in exile. The 3rd-century historian Cassius Dio seems to imply that Caligula had him killed, but this is usually treated with skepticism by modern historians.
SH10606. Bronze eighth denomination, Hendin 1218, Meshorer TJC 94, RPC I 4923 (1 spec.), BMC Palestine -, SNG ANS -, aVF, weight 1.26 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 39 A.D.; obverse ΓA/IΩ (Gaius = Caligula) in two lines, surrounded by wreath within dot border; reverse HPΩ∆HΣ TETPAPXHΣ (of Herod the tetrarch), palm frond upright, L - MΓ (year 43) across fields; extremely rare; SOLD


Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.

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Antipas' most noted construction was his capital on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee Tiberias, so named to honor his patron Tiberius. Residents could bathe nearby at the warm springs of Emmaus, and by the time of the First Jewish-Roman War the city's buildings included a stadium, a royal palace and a sanctuary for prayer. It gave its name to the sea and later became a center of rabbinic learning. Pious Jews at first refused to live in it because it was built atop a graveyard and therefore a source of ritual impurity; Antipas had to colonize it using a mixture of foreigners, forced migrants, poor people, and freed slaves.
JD87493. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1204; Meshorer TJC 80; RPC I 4923; BMC Palestine p. 229, 5 corr. (date misread), SNG ANS 229, F, earthen highlights, bumps and scratches, weight 6.364 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 29 - 30 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias, the mint) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY, palm branch, L - ΛΓ (year 33) divided across fields; ex CNG e-auction 426 (8 Aug 2018), lot 270; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Antipas' fall from power resulted form a jealous dispute between his nephews, Herodias and Agrippa. Josephus relates that Herodias, persuaded Antipas to ask Caligula for the title of king for himself. However, Herodias' jealous brother, Agrippa, simultaneously presented the emperor with a list of charges against the tetrarch: allegedly, he had conspired against Tiberius with Sejanus (executed in 31 A.D.) and was now plotting against Caligula with Artabanus. As evidence, Agrippa noted that Antipas had a stockpile of weaponry sufficient for 70,000 men. Hearing Antipas' admission to this last charge, Caligula decided to credit the allegations of conspiracy. In the summer of 39 A.D., Antipas' money and territory were turned over to Agrippa, and Antipas was exiled. The place of his exile is given by Josephus' Antiquities as "Lugdunum" in Gaul. Caligula offered to allow Herodias, as Agrippa's sister, to retain her property. However, she chose instead to join her husband in exile. Antipas died in exile. The 3rd-century historian Cassius Dio seems to imply that Caligula had him killed, but this is usually treated with skepticism by modern historians.
SH42158. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1216; Meshorer TJC 92; RPC I 4935; BMC Palestine p. 230, 10; SNG ANS 231, Fine/Fair, weight 5.527 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 39 A.D.; obverse ΓAIΩ / KAICA / ΓEPMA/NIKΩ (Gaius Caesar Germanicus = Caligula) in four lines, surrounded by wreath within a dot border; reverse HPΩ∆HC TETPAPXHC (of Herod the tetrarch), palm frond upright with slight curve, L - MΓ (year 43) across fields, dot border; very rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Antipas' most noted construction was his capital on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee Tiberias, so named to honor his patron Tiberius. Residents could bathe nearby at the warm springs of Emmaus, and by the time of the First Jewish-Roman War the city's buildings included a stadium, a royal palace and a sanctuary for prayer. It gave its name to the sea and later became a center of rabbinic learning. Pious Jews at first refused to live in it because it was built atop a graveyard and therefore a source of ritual impurity; Antipas had to colonize it using a mixture of foreigners, forced migrants, poor people, and freed slaves.
SH08067. Bronze full denomination, Hendin 1207, Meshorer TJC 83, RPC I 4926; BMC Palestine -, SNG ANS -, gF, weight 10.92 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), palm branch, date L - Λ∆ across fields (year 34); inscription in two lines, surrounded by wreath; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate sent Jesus to Herod for judgment. "Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing...And mocking him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate." (Luke 23:7-15)

All the coins of Antipas are rare and very rare in nice condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear. The coins were minted in Tiberias, a capital city founded by Antipas c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius.
JD89738. Bronze half unit, Hendin 1208; Meshorer TJC 84; RPC I 4927; BMC Palestine p. 229, 2; SNG ANS -, F, light corrosion, light encrustations, weight 5.912 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 30 - 31 A.D.; obverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), palm branch, L - Λ∆ (year 34) across fields; rare; SOLD


Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Herod Antipas is best known for his role in the executions of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. Augustus divided the kingdom of Herod the Great, among his three sons. Antipas was made Tetrarch of Galilee, Peraea, and Jewish Trans-Jordan. Antipas sponsored grand construction projects at Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and his capital Tiberias. Antipas divorced his first wife Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabataea, and married his sister-in-law and niece Herodias. The divorce led to war with Aretas, in which Herod was defeated. In 39 A.D., his nephew Agrippa I accused Antipas of conspiracy against the new emperor Caligula. Caligula sent him into exile in Gaul. Accompanied there by Herodias, he died at an unknown date.
SH87946. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1212; Meshorer TJC 88; RPC I 4931; BMC Palestine p. 229, 6; SNG ANS -, aVF, dark green patina, weight 5.884 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias), inscription in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY, palm frond upright with slight curves, L - ΛZ (year 37) across fields; ex Goldberg auction 106, lot 1151, ex Palm Desert Collection (purchase from Hendin, 1980's), ex David Hendin; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914). BMC Palestine
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
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Herod Antipas