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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Macedonian Dynasty| ▸ |Romanus I||View Options:  |  |  |   

Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

Joint rule with Constantine VII (his son-in-law), 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.
Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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BZ36193. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, DOC III-2, class B; SBCV 1823, aEF, fantastic portrait, weight 9.434 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse + EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, Gospels in both hands, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS-XS (Jesus Christ) bAS-ILE/bAS-ILE (King of Kings); SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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Constantine VII became sole emperor while he was a minor. He was dominated by his regents and was not allowed to take part in government. His regent Romanus I was made co-emperor in 920. In 945 Romanus I was deposed by his sons who wanted the throne. Instead Constantine VII took control. Finally, when he was 40 years old, he had sole rule and real power.
BZ37090. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 25, Sommer 36.16, Morrisson BnF 31, Wroth BMC 14, Ratto 1886, SBCV 1760, choice VF, nice green patina, weight 6.098 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse + RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse + RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.
BZ77228. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 25, Sommer 36.16, Morrisson BnF 31, Wroth BMC 14, Ratto 1886, SBCV 1760, aVF, well centered, nice dark patina, weight 5.605 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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This type was also struck on a larger flan (DOC III, part 2, 32).

The Byzantine mint at Cherson (Sevastopol, Ukraine), operated from the reign of Justin I to the reign of Heraclius, and again from the reign of Basil I to the reign of Basil II. The city of Cherson was largely destroyed in the 980s when it fell to Kiev but the fortress was recovered by treaty after Basil II's sister Anna was given to in marriage Vladimir the Great. The region became a part of the Empire of Trebizond in 1204.
BZ14074. Cast bronze AE 21, DOC III part 2, 33, Ratto 1890, SBCV 1764, Sommer 36.19, VF, weight 2.716 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, Cherson mint, 921 - 944 A.D.; obverse large PW monogram; reverse blank; ex-Calgary Coin; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.

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The Byzantine mint at Cherson (Sevastopol, Ukraine), operated from the reign of Justin I to the reign of Heraclius, and again from the reign of Basil I to the reign of Basil II. The city of Cherson was largly destroyed in the 980s, when it fell to Kiev but the fortress was recovered by treaty after Basil II's sister Anna was given to in marriage Vladimir the Great. The region became a part of the Empire of Trebizond in 1204.
BZ47710. Cast bronze AE 19, DOC III part 2, 38; Wroth BMC 77; Morrisson BnF 37/Kh/AE/10; Ratto 1910; SBCV 1772, gF, tiny hole, rough, weight 1.483 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cherson mint, 945 - 959 A.D.; obverse large cross-shaped monogram, N - C on left and right, TK - W on top and bottom; reverse large cross-shaped monogram, M-A on left and right, P-W on top and bottom; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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This type was also struck on a smaller flan (DOC III, part 2, 33).

Theme of Cherson was a Byzantine military-civilian province located in the southern Crimea, headquartered at Chersonesus Taurica. The theme was officially established in the early 830s and was an important center of Black Sea commerce. Despite the destruction of the city of Cherson in the 980s, the theme recovered and prospered, enduring until it became a part of the Empire of Trebizond after the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire in 1204.
BZ47162. Cast bronze AE 24, DOC III part 2, 33, Ratto 1890, SBCV 1764, Sommer 36.19, gF/Fair, typical very weak reverse, weight 3.602 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 270o, Cherson mint, 921 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse large Romanus monogram; reverse cross floriated on two steps, pellet in field either side; ex Alex G. Malloy; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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The throne depicted on the obverse is also depicted in the Narthex Mosaic, at Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, from the late 9th or early 10th century A.D.
SH17757. Gold solidus, DOC III part 2, 7; Wroth BMC 35; Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/AV/02; Ratto 1892; SBCV 1745; Sommer 36.5.1, nice VF, weight 4.321 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 921 - 931 A.D.; obverse IhS XRS REX REGNANTIUM* (Jesus Christ, King of Kings), Christ enthroned facing, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium; raises right, Gospels in left; reverse ROMAN ET XΠISTOΠO AUGG, crowned busts facing of Romanus I (left) in loros and Christopher in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; a few marks; very scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Romanus I and Christopher, 921 - 931 A.D.

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The throne depicted on the obverse is also depicted in the Narthex Mosaic, at Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, from the late 9th or early 10th century A.D.
SH04766. Gold solidus, DOC III part 2, 7; Berk 276; SBCV 1745, EF+, weight 4.36 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 921 - 931 A.D.; obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTInm, Christ enthroned facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium and raising right in benediction, holding gospels in left hand, the throne has a lyre back and is ornamented with pearls; reverse ROmAn Et XRISTOFO AYGGb (or similar), facing busts of Romanus I, with short beard on left, and Christopher (his son-in-law), beardless on right, Romanus wears loros, Christopher wears chlamys, and they hold a long patriarchal cross between them; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.
BZ71995. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 25, Sommer 36.16, Morrisson BnF 31, Wroth BMC 14, Ratto 1886, SBCV 1760, VF, nice bust, green patina, weight 7.036 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Romanus I and Christopher, 921 - 931 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The throne depicted on the obverse is also depicted in the Narthex Mosaic, at Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, from the late 9th or early 10th century A.D.
SH31260. Gold solidus, DOC III part 2, 7; Berk 276; SBCV 1745, gVF, weight 4.196 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 921 - 931 A.D.; obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTInm, Christ enthroned facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium and raising right in benediction, holding gospels in left hand, the throne has a lyre back and is ornamented with pearls; reverse ROman Et XRISTOFO AYGGb (or similar), facing busts of Romanus I, with short beard on left, and Christopher (his son-in-law), beardless on right, Romanus wears loros, Christopher wears chlamys, and they hold a long patriarchal cross between them; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Feg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019.
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Romanus I