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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Cappadocia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Cappadocia

Cappadocia is in eastern Anatolia, in the center of what is now Turkey. After ending Persian rule, Alexander the Great intended to rule Cappadocia through one of his military commanders, but Ariarathes, a Persian aristocrat, somehow made himself king of the Cappadocians. Ariarathes I was successful and extended the borders of the Cappadocian Kingdom as far as the Black Sea. After Alexander's death, Perdiccas designated Eumenes to rule the area. Ariarathes was defeated, captured and crucified, but due to Macedonian infighting Ariarathes' son recovered his inheritance. He left the kingdom to a line of successors, who mostly bore the name of the founder of the dynasty. Under Ariarathes IV, Cappadocia became an ally of Rome. The kingdom maintained independence until A.D. 17, when the Tiberius reduced Cappadocia to a Roman province.


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariathes I, 330 - 322 B.C.

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The attribution we have made for this type is the widely accepted attribution, but it is possible that it was struck earlier, c. 340 - 331 B.C. and it is a half stater on the standard of Cilicia.
SH26864. Silver drachm, SGCV II 3658; BMC Galatia p. 29, 1; Simonetta 1d, VF+, toned, weight 4.941 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, Pontus, Gaziura mint, obverse Aramaic legend "Baal-Gazur", Baal of Gaziura enthroned left; eagle, grain and grapes in right, scepter in left, monogram right; reverse griffin attacking stag, wreath above; beautiful toning, the nicest example of the type we have seen; very rare; SOLD


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes I, 333 - 322 B.C.

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After Alexander the Great's armies passed him by, Ariarathes I, a satrap or dynast under Darius III, seized the area becoming the first king of Cappadocia. Later he attacked Antigonus and expanded into Phrygia, Pontus and Paphlagonia.

At Sinope, he maintained the city's standard nymph and eagle on a dolphin types, but replaced the Greek legends with his own Aramaic inscriptions.
SH26865. Silver drachm, BMC Pontus p. 96, 9; SNG Stancomb 761; Traité 631; SNG BM 1459, EF, weight 5.367 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, c. 328 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Sinope left, apluster before, Aramaic letters ayin and mem behind; reverse Aramaic legend "ARYWRT", eagle on a dolphin left; ex Lindgren Collection; very rare; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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SH29162. Silver drachm, RIC I 63, BMCRE I 102, Cohen I 12, F, weight 3.099 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, bare head right; reverse IMPERATOR PONT MAX (high priest) AVG TR POT, simpulum and lituus; rare; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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The abbreviated obverse titles KAI CEB VIW, for Kαιcαρι Cεβαcτω Yιω, corresponds to the Latin "Caesar Augustus Filius" (prince, son of the emperor).
RP63453. Silver tridrachm, RPC Online 7058 (citing only 2 examples); Sydenham Caesarea 363; Metcalf 140; BMC Galatia p. 192, 344 (Antioch); SNG Cop -; Prieur -, F, nice portrait, right side of obverse legend weak, weight 10.31 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 175 A.D.; obverse KOMMO∆W KAI CEB VIW, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ΓEPMAN CAPMAT (Germanicus Sarmaticus), eagle standing facing on club left, wings open, head and tail right; ex Comptoir Général Financier mail bid sale 13 (2001), lot 351; extremely rare; SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Caesarea-Eusebia, Commagene, Syria

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This reverse die, lacking P P, is noted in RPC as an engraver's error since it shares obverse dies with P P specimens.

The wreath on the reverse is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded to Roman citizens ex senatus consulto (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for Roman emperors to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with Augustus, who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
GS64434. Silver didrachm, RPC I 3626 note, BMCRE I 240 var. (P P above OB CIVES); RIC I 123 var. (same), F, weight 7.037 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 46 - 47 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P, laureate head left; reverse OB CIVES / SERVATOS, in two lines within oak wreath; ex Elvira Clain-Stefanelli collection; rare; SOLD


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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The imperial mint at Caesarea was founded by Tiberius c. 30 AD. This is the only coin of Tiberius issued solely in his name at Caesarea. Because this type probably had greater circulation than the denarius in Jerusalem at the time of Christ, some speculate that this is the true "tribute penny."
GS49937. Silver drachm, RPC I 3620; Sydenham 42; BMC Galatia p. 46, 11, aVF, toned, weight 3.495 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 315o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, obverse TIBEPIOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head right; reverse ΘEOY ΣEBAΣTOY YIOΣ, Mount Argaeus, surmounted by radiate and nude statue holding globe in right and scepter in left; fine style!; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia, Titus Reverse

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SH81665. Silver didrachm, RPC II 1650, Sydenham Caesarea 102, Metcalf Cappadocia 4, SNG Righetti 1761, aVF, weight 6.896 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 76 - 77 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate bust of Vespasian right; reverse AYTO KAI OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOY YIOC, laureate bust of Titus right; excellent portraits; SOLD


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes VII Philometor, 116 - 101 B.C., In the Name and Types of Antiochos VII of Syria

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When Ariarathes VII Philometor was a child under the regency of his mother Laodice, Cappadocia was seized by King Nicomedes III of Bithynia, who then married Laodice. Laodice's brother King Mithridates VI of Pontus soon expelled Nicomedes and the restored the Cappadocian throne to Ariarathes VII. When Ariarathes VII learned that his father's assassin was under Mithridates' protection (Mithridates had arranged the murder), he prepared for war. Before the battle, the King of Pontus had him killed and put his own son Ariarathes IX on the Cappadocian throne.
GS85688. Silver tetradrachm, Lorber-Houghton Series 1, Issue 3, pl. 15, obverse die A5; Houghton-Lorber 2148; HGC 7 829; HGC 9 1069, gVF, toned, weight 16.520 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 0o, Eusebia-Mazaka (A) mint, 107/6 - 104/3 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochos VII right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY ΦIΛOMHTPOΣ, Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike right in extended right offering wreath, spear and grounded shield in left hand, monogram above A outer left, O inner left, Λ inner right; all within laurel wreath; ex CNG e-auction 401 (12 Jul 2017), lot 197; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia, Titus Reverse

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SH48357. Silver didrachm, RPC II 1650, Sydenham Caesarea 102, Metcalf Cappadocia 4, SNG Righetti 1761, VF, weight 7.018 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 76 - 77 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate bust of Vespasian right; reverse AYTO KAI OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOY YIOC, laureate bust of Titus right; superb portraits; SOLD


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariaramnes, c. 280 - 230 B.C.

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An extremely rare type, with fewer than five known specimens. Ex CNG.
SH10707. Bronze AE 16, Simonetta 1, BMC Galatia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, gVF, light scratches on rev, weight 4.240 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Mazaca (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 280 - 230 B.C.; obverse head right wearing a bashlyk; reverse horse graizing right, monograms above and below; nice patina; extremely rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Bland, R. The Bronze Coinage of Gordian III from Caesarea in Cappadocia in Ashton, RNS Special Publication No. 29. (London, 1996).
Bland, R. "The last Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia" in Studia Arslan.
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol III, Part 2. (London, 1926).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos...Kappadokia...Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Metcalf, W. The Silver Coinage of Cappadocia, Vespasian - Commodus. ANSNNM 166. (New York, 1996).
Mørkholm, O. "A Further Comment on the Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Ariarathes IX" in Quaderni Ticinesi 4 (1975), pp. 109 - 138.
Mørkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mørkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson (1968), pp. 241- 258, pl. 30 - 33.
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Simonetta, A. The coinage of the Cappadocian kings: a revision and a catalogue of the Simonetta Collection. Parthica 9. (Pisa-Rome, 2007).
Simonetta, B. The Coins of the Cappadocian Kings. Typos II. (Fribourg, 1977).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia, with supplement by A. Malloy. (New York, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 6: Phrygien - Kappadokien; Römische Provinzprägungen in Kleinasien. (Berlin, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, Cyprus, [etc.]. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia - Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 20, 2019.
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Ancient Coins of Cappadocia