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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Collections| ▸ |Anonymous Republic||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of the Roman Republic From the Estate of an Anonymous French Collector

Although the name of the collector is unknown, his preferences are easily determined by examining his collection. Every coin in the collection is as nature left them, naturally toned. They have not been cleaned in harsh chemicals, as is so common with coins found today. This collection was almost certainly initially cataloged no later than 1974, since the collector's tags do not refer to Crawford and issue dates indicated on the collector's tags are pre-Crawford.


Roman Republic, C. Fundanius, 101 B.C.

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This reverse refers to Marius' victories over the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquae Sextiae in 102 B.C. and the Cimbri at Vercellae in 101 B.C. The quinarius had not been part of the regular mint production for over a century and this type may have been struck for distribution to the populace at the time of Marius' triumph. -- Roman Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
RR05570. Silver quinarius, SRCV I 205, Sydenham 584, Crawford 326/2, RSC I Fundania 2, VF, weight 1.75 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 101 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, L (control mark) behind; reverse Victory std right, palm over left shoulder, crowns trophy with wreath, captive kneeling at base of trophy hands tied behind, Gallic carnyx (war trumpet) & C∑FVNDA on right, Q in exergue; scratch on obverse; SOLD


L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with L. Pomponius, 118 B.C.

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The reverse commemorates the victory in Gaul of Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and Bituitus, King of the Averni. King Bituitus was taken prisoner and in the triumph of Fabius at Rome he was displayed in his chariot of silver. Minted at the newly-founded city of Narbo, the first Roman colony in Gaul. L. Pomponius was a junior colleague of the two primary magistrates. L. Licinius Crassus and L. Porcius Licinus minted similar types.
RR05643. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 158, Crawford 282/4, Sydenham 522, RSC I Pomponia 7, Sydenham 522, VF, weight 3.86 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Gaul, Narbo mint, 118 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, L∑POMPONI CN F (NF in monogram) around, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) behind; reverse naked Gallic warrior in biga right with shield, spear and carnyx, L∑LIC∑CN∑DOM in exergue; SOLD


Cato Uticensis, Propraetor, Committed Suicide 46 B.C.

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This coin was struck under Senate authority in Utica, North Africa where Cato was propraetor at the beginning of the civil war. The design is copied from an issue by another M. Cato in 89 B.C.
RR02242. Silver denarius, SRCV 1381, RSC I Porcia 9, Sydenham 1052, Crawford 462/1c, BMC Africa 15, VF, weight 4.05 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Africa, Utica mint, 47 - 46 B.C.; obverse M CATO PRO PR, Roma (or Libertas) draped bust right; reverse VICTRIX (TR in monogram), Victory seated right, patera in right hand, palm frond in left hand over shoulder, VICTRIX (TR in monogram) in exergue; areas of flat strike, beautifully toned; SOLD


M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus, 137 B.C.

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The M below the chin on the obverse is a control letter. This type was the first denarius issued with control letters. Although the specific purpose of control letters, and later numbers and other symbols, is uncertain, these marks were used extensively on following Republic issues. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawfor
RR05641. Silver denarius, SRCV I 144, Crawford 268/1b, Sydenham 517a, RSC I Fabia 11, gF, weight 3.67 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 126 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) behind, M (control letter) below chin; reverse N∑FABI PICTOR, helmeted and cuirassed figure of the flamen quirinalis Q Fabius Pictor seated left holding apex and spear, shield inscribed QVI/RIN at his side, control letter above; SOLD


Roman Republic, L. Julius L.F. Caesar, 103 B.C.

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The reverse refers to the mythical descent of the Julius Gens from Iulus, the grandson of Venus and Anchises, and the founder of Alba Longa. Crawford notes the control mark letter on the obverse and reverse of this type invariably match. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR05579. Silver denarius, SRCV I 198, Sydenham 593, Crawford 320/1, RSC I Julia 4, VF, weight 3.80 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Mars left, D (control mark) above, CAESAR upwards behind; reverse Venus in a biga pulled by cupids, holding scepter in right and reins in left, ∑ / D (control mark) above, lyre below, L∑IVLI∑L∑F in exergue; SOLD


Roman Republic, C. Servilius, 127 B.C.

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This coin honors the moneyers ancestor, M. Servilius Pulex Germinus, Consul 202 B.C. The lituus on the obverse refers to his augurate. The reverse refers to his propensity for single combat. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR05659. Silver denarius, SRCV I I 140, Crawford 264/1, Sydenham 483a, RSC I Servilia 6, toned VF, weight 3.72 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse head of Roma right in a winged helmet, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) behind, ROMA below; reverse battle between two horseman, one on the left brandishing sword, the one on the right brandishing spear and shield marked with M, C SERVEIL (VE in monogram) in exergue; SOLD


Roman Republic, M. Calidius, Q. Caecilius Metellus, and Cn. Fulvius, 117 - 116 B.C.

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On 26 June 116 B.C., at the death of Ptolemy VIII Physcon of Egypt, Cleopatra III selected her younger son Ptolemy X Alexander as co-regent, but the Alexandrians forced her to bring Ptolemy IX from Cyprus, where he was governor. Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II Lathyros took the throne of Egypt.
RR05628. Silver denarius, RSC I Fulvia 1, Crawford 284/1b, Sydenham 539a, SRCV I 160, Choice VF, tight flan as typical for the type, weight 3.82 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 117 - 116 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) below chin, ROMA behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding wreath, CN FOVL (NF and VL in monogram) below, M CAL Q MET (AL and MET in monogram) in exergue; SOLD


Roman Republic, Q. Fabius Maximus, 127 B.C.

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Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea Roma was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful alliance against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the Koinon of Asia and Bithynia requested permission to honor Augustus as a living god. "Republican" Rome despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for divus Augustus jointly with dea Roma. In the city of Rome itself, the earliest known state cult to dea Roma was combined with Venus at the Hadrianic Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea Roma with a Palladium in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.
RR05658. Silver denarius, SRCV I 141, Crawford 265/1, Sydenham 478, RSC I Fabia 5, VF, dark toning, weight 3.63 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 127 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in a winged helmet, ROMA behind, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) below chin, Q MAX (MA ligate before); reverse cornucopia with horizontal thunderbolt behind, all within wreath composed of grains and fruits; SOLD


L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with L. Porcius Licinus, 118 B.C.

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The reverse commemorates the victory in Gaul of Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and Bituitus, King of the Averni. King Bituitus was taken prisoner and in the triumph of Fabius at Rome he was displayed in his chariot of silver. Minted at the newly-founded city of Narbo, the first Roman colony in Gaul. L. Porcius Licinus was a junior colleague of the two primary magistrates. L. Licinius Crassus and L Pomponius minted similar types.
RR05645. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 158, Crawford 282/5, Sydenham 520, RSC I Porcia 8, VF, weight 3.69 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 315o, Gaul, Narbo mint, 118 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, L∑PORCI LICI around, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) behind; reverse naked Gallic warrior in biga right with shield, spear and carnyx, L∑LIC∑CN∑DOM in exergue; SOLD


Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso L.f. L.n. Frugi, 90 B.C.

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Crawford speculates the reverse reflects progress in the Social War. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR06082. Silver quinarius, SRCV I 236, Sydenham 672, Crawford 340/2e, RSC I Calpurnia 13b, VF, weight 2.05 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, IIII (control number) behind; reverse Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm branch over shoulder in right, L∑PI-SO across fields, FRVGI in exergue; scarce; SOLD




  




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Coins of the Roman Republic