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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Focas||View Options:  |  |  | 

Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

Focas became emperor through a military revolt in the winter of 602 A.D. He was an oppressive evil tyrant. His reign was a period of disaster with invasions in the East and West, persecution of the aristocracy and civil unrest. Focas restored recognizable portraiture to the coinage - An oddity considering his appearance is often described as grotesque.


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Focas became emperor through a military revolt. He was an oppressive evil tyrant. His reign was a period of disaster with invasions, persecution of the aristocracy and civil unrest. Focas restored recognizable portraiture to the coinage - an oddity considering his appearance is often described as grotesque.
BZ92762. Bronze half follis, DOC II part 1, 37a; Ratto 1218; Hahn MIB 65b; SBCV 644; Sommer 9.29; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -; Tolstoi -, VF, overstruck with strong undertype effects, small edge split, weight 4.567 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 603 - 5 Oct 610 A.D.; obverse D N FOCA PERP AVG, crowned bust facing, bearded, wearing consular robes, mappa in right hand, cross in left hand; reverse XX (20 nummi), star above, CONA in exergue; ex German dealer or collector (anonymous German tag); $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D., Overstruck on Focas

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Heraclius came to power in 610 following a successful revolt in North Africa against the tyrannical rule of the Emperor Focas. His son Heraclius Constantine was elevated to joint rule in 613 A.D. Heraclius' most spectacular military achievement was the total defeat of Rome's old enemy on the eastern frontier, the Sassanid Persians. Unfortunately, this only facilitated the Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died in early 641 A.D. and Egypt fell to the Arabs soon after.
BZ91698. Bronze follis, SBCV 805; DOC II-1 76 - 83; Hahn MIB 160b, Sommer 11.53; undertype: Focas, follis, Constantinople, 604 - 610 A.D., SBCV 640, VF, overstruck with strong undertype effects, holed, weight 10.091 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 613 - 616 A.D.; obverse [dd NN hERACLIuS Et hER]A CON[St PP A], Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both in chlamys holding globus cruciger in right, cross between heads; undertype: O N FOCA..., crowned facing bust, mappa in right, cross in left; reverse large M (40 nummi), Christogram above, ANNO left, uncertain year right (years 3 - 5, obscured by undertype effects), A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; undertype: large XXXX, ANNO above, uncertain year right (years 2 - 8), CON[...] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear. 

The smallest gold fraction in the Byzantine series. One of three known.
SH15443. Gold half-tremissis, SBCV 635; cf. DOC II part 1, 20; cf. Hahn MIB 29, aEF, weight 0.723 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 610 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PER AV, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, beardless; reverse VICTORI FOCAS AV, cross potent, CONOB beneath; from the Woolslayer Collection; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Focas