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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Justinian Dynasty ▸ Justin IIView Options:  |  |  |   

Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

The joint rule with Tiberius II (his regent), 26 September 574 - 5 October 578 A.D.
Justin II was selected by his uncle, Emperor Justinian, to be his successor. Justinian's successful restoration of former Imperial territory had been an enormous burden on the financial resources of the state and Justin was unable to hold the territory. A few years into Justin's reign most of Italy was lost to the Lombards and the Visigoths retook areas in Spain. On the Eastern frontier, he refused to pay tribute to the Sassanid ruler Khusru I resulting in a protracted war. The burdens of office took their toll on Justin and he began to show clear signs of insanity. In 574, Tiberius was appointed as his regent and Caesar. Nine days prior to Justin's death, Tiberius was promoted to Augustus and co-emperor.


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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
Light weight solidi differ from normal 24 siliquae types by weight, distinctive marks, reverse details and sometime obverse details. They may have been used to pay tribute to foreign powers or to facilitate trade with neighboring cultures who used different weight systems. The letters QS at the end of the reverse legend are the source of attribution for this type to the Syrian city Theoupolis (formerly Antioch). However, this attribution has not received universal acceptance. Ex Woolslayer collection.
SH06187. Gold light solidus, DOC I 138, SBCV 376, Berk 66, Hahn MIB II 8, Tolstoi 17, Ratto 760, gVF, weight 4.02 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 565 - 578 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justin II facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory in right, shield with horseman device on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG ΘS (victory of the three emperors, Theoupolis), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, looking right, resting on spear held in right hand and holding globus on extended left hand, OB * + * in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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Justin was unable to hold the territory Justinian had restored. Most of Italy and parts of Spain were quickly lost to the Lombards and Visigoths. Refusal to pay tribute to the Sassanids, resulted in protracted war. The burdens of office drove him insane and his successor was regent for the last four years of his reign.
SH63901. Gold solidus, DOC I 4d, Wroth BMC 7, Tolstoi 6, Ratto 753, Hahn MIB II 5, Morrisson BnF 3 - 4, SBCV 345, EF, edge hammered and clipped at top of the obverse, weight 4.440 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 565 - 578 A.D.; obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVG, facing beardless, helmeted and cuirassed bust, Victory on globe offering wreath in right, shield ornamented with horseman in left; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG E (victory of the three emperors, 5th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, long scepter in left hand, globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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Very unusual CONO9Z in exergue.
SH17776. Gold solidus, DOC I 8b, SBCV 350, aEF, weight 4.475 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AV, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust, Victory on globe in right, shield in left; reverse VICTORI-A AVCCC I, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONO9Z in exergue; bold portrait; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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Justin was unable to hold the territory Justinian had restored. Most of Italy and parts of Spain were quickly lost to the Lombards and Visigoths. Refusal to pay tribute to the Sassanids, resulted in protracted war. The burdens of office drove him insane and his successor was regent for the last four years of his reign.
SH70979. Gold solidus, DOC I 4a, Wroth BMC 1, Tolstoi 2, Hahn MIB II 5, Sommer 5.2, SBCV 345, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, aEF, ex jewelry, traces of solder, weight 4.407 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 565 - 578 A.D.; obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVG, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust, beardless, Victory on globe offering wreath in right, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Θ (victory of the three emperors, 9th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH42466. Gold solidus, DOC I 4, SBCV 345, aEF, weight 4.348 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVG, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust, Victory on globe in right hand, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG E (victory of the three emperors, 5th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH17793. Gold solidus, DOC I 4, SBCV 345, EF, weight 4.518 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVI, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust holding Victory on globe and shield; reverse VICTORIA AVCCC Θ (victory of the three emperors, 9th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, holding scepter and globus cruciger, star in left field; nice strike, two dents in right reverse field; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

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SH20263. Gold solidus, DOC I 4, SBCV 345, EF, weight 4.489 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVI, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust holding Victory on globe and shield; reverse VICTORIA AVCCC Θ (victory of the three emperors, 9th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, holding scepter and globus cruciger, star in left field; SOLD


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Bargain priced
SH20266. Gold solidus, DOC I 4, SBCV 345, EF, uneven strike, flat areas, weight 4.499 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVI, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust holding Victory on globe and shield; reverse VICTORIA AVCCC ∆ (victory of the three emperors, 4th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, scepter in left, globus cruciger in right; SOLD


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In 570, Muhammad, the Islamic prophet, was born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia). His father Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib died a few months before his birth so he and his mother Aminah bint Wahb were protected by Muhammad's paternal grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, who is the leading figure of his tribe, the Quraysh.
SH70955. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 15, DOC I 7c (not in the collection, refs Wroth), Morrisson BnF (Antioch) 2; Hahn MIB II 3a, Sommer 5.4, SBCV 348, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, F, struck with worn dies, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 567 - 578 A.D.; obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVG, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, wearing diadem with pendilia, Victory on globe offering wreath in right, shield decorated with horseman in left; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG I (victory of the three emperors, 10th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, C left, CONOB in exergue; ex CNG auction 216, part of lot 639; SOLD


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Justin was unable to hold the territory Justinian had restored. Most of Italy and parts of Spain were quickly lost to the Lombards and Visigoths. Refusal to pay tribute to the Sassanids, resulted in protracted war. The burdens of office drove him insane and his successor was regent for the last four years of his reign.
SH02208. Gold solidus, DOC I 4, SBCV 345, aEF, weight 4.47 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N I-VSTI-NVS PP AVG, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust holding Victory on globe and shield; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG E (victory of the three emperors, 5th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, holding scepter and globus cruciger, CONOB in exergue; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. I Anastasius I to Maurice, 491-602. (Washington D.C., 1966).
Berk, H. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini, Volume 2: Justinus II - Phocas (565 - 610). (Vienna, 1975).
Hahn, W. & M. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale I, 491 - 711. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Sunday, October 22, 2017.
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Byzantine Coins of Justin II