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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Kingdom of PersisView Options:  |  |  |   

Kingdom of Persis

Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63296. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler Smith, type 1, 210 ff. var.; BMC Arabia, 238, 18 var.; Sunrise 646 var.; Alram IP 619 var. (none with 3 rows of pellets), gVF, toned, tight flan, light deposits, weight 1.285 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 90o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with three rows of pellets enclosing pellet above crescent; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; rare variety; $100.00 (85.00)


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65707. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Tyler-Smith, type 1, 210 (with ties); Alram IP 619 var. (same); cf. Sunrise 649 (obol); BMC Arabia p. 238, 16 (same), VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, obverse center weak, light marks, porosity, weight 1.171 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with two rows of pellets enclosing crescent and three pellets, no triskeles behind bust; reverse diadem without ties, blundered illiterate imitation of an Aramaic legend around; apparently unpublished as a hemidrachm; rare variety; $90.00 (76.50)


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65703. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 - 221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), VF, well centered, light toning, tiny edge split, weight 1.088 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 270o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, hair with three rows of curls; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $80.00 (68.00)


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65701. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1c, 17; BMC Arabia p. 218, 16; Sunrise 591 var. (2 rows of pellets); Alram IP 565 var. (same), VF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 2.084 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with three rows of pellets surrounding crescent; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $75.00 (63.75)


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65722. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1a, 5 - 8; Alram IP 565 var. (two rows of pellets); Sunrise 591 var. (same); BMC Arabia p. 218, 16 var. (same), VF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, tiny edge cracks, light marks, weight 1.575 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 315o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets surrounding crescent, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $75.00 (63.75)


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63285. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 -221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), gVF, well centered, uneven toning, weight 1.077 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, hair with three rows of curls; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $70.00 (59.50)


Kingdom of Persis, Ardashir (Artaxerxes) II, c. 50 - 1 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65720. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1b, 49 ff. var.; BMC Arabia p. 223, 6 ff. var.; Sunrise 594 var.; Alram 574 var. (none with this monogram), VF, toned, die wear, weight 2.020 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, c. 50 - 1 B.C.; obverse small bust of king left, monogram behind, wearing neck torque, crown with three turrets, and diadem with three ties; reverse Aramaic legend forming square: Adaxsir king, son of Darev king, king on right facing left, holding scepter to fire altar, uncertain Aramaic legend in square around, slightly concave; $70.00 (59.50)


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS63324. Silver diobol, BMC Arabia p. 227, 11; cf. Tyler-Smith, type 2, 220 - 221 (obol); Alram IP 622 (obol); Sunrise 650 (obol), VF, toned, well centered, die wear, weight 0.740 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 0o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, End of 1st Century A.D.; obverse bearded, draped bust left, wearing turreted crown and diadem, hair with three rows of curls; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center; $65.00 (55.25)


Kingdom of Persis, Darios (Darev) II, 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65702. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1a, 5 - 8; Alram IP 565 var. (two rows of pellets); Sunrise 591 var. (same); BMC Arabia p. 218, 16 var. (same), VF, toned, oval flan, weight 1.884 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 315o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem and Parthian-style tiara with one row of pellets surrounding crescent, pellet border; reverse Aramaic legend: King Darev, king on right, standing left, holding scepter, facing altar on left; $65.00 (55.25)


Kingdom of Persis, Second Unknown King, 1st Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Persis was located in what is now southern Iran. "Persians" settled the area as early as the 8th century B.C. From the time after its conquest by Alexander the Great, Persis was most often quasi-independent, under the hegemony of a Seleukid or Parthian king. Immediately following Alexander's death, Persis was subject to the Seleucid Kingdom. About 290 B.C., Persis regained independence. The coins produced during this period were Greek-inspired, but inscriptions were Aramaic, symbolic of Persis' rejection of the Greek ruling class. Sometime between c. 250 and 223 B.C., the Seleucids regained control. Mithradates II later incorporated Persis as a sub-kingdom of Parthia. Under Parthian domination, the coins and appearance of the kings depicted on them assumed the Parthian style. The last King of Persis, Artaxerxes, defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanian Empire.
GS65704. Silver hemidrachm, Tyler-Smith, type 1, 210; Alram IP 619; BMC Arabia, 237, 3; Sunrise 646 var. (pellet above and below triskeles), VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, weight 1.316 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 45o, Persepolis (Fars Province, Iran) mint, 1st century A.D.; obverse bearded bust left, wearing diadem with two-loop tie and Parthian-style tiara with two rows of pellets enclosing crescent and pellet, triskeles behind, no border; reverse diadem, formally presented with two ties laid across center, blundered illiterate imitation of an Aramaic legend around; $65.00 (55.25)




  



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REFERENCES

Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. Osterreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. (Wien, 1986).
Classical Numismatic Group. "An American Collection fo the Kings of Persis" in CNG Auction 90, Internet and Mail Bid Sale, 23 May 2012, pp. 162 - 173.
De Morgan, J. Monnaies orientales: numismatique de la Perse antique. (Paris, 1927-1933).
Hill, G. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Klose, D. & W. Mseler. Die Mnzen aus Persepolis von Alexander dem Groen zu den Sasaniden. (Munich, 2008).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Gyselen, R. ed. New Evidence for Sasanian Numismatics: The Collection of Ahmad Saeedi. (Leuven, Belgium, 2004).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Tyler-Smith, S. "A parcel of Persis drachms, half drachms and obols" in Numismatic Chronicle 164 (2004), pp. 253 - 271.

Catalog current as of Sunday, May 27, 2018.
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Kingdom of Persis