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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Indo-Greek KingdomsView Options:  |  |  | 

Indo-Greek Kingdoms

Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I Soter, c. 155 - 130 B.C.

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Menander is the most important Greek king who ruled in India and the only Greek king mentioned in Indian literature. Tradition maintains he was a wise and powerful King, who converted to Buddhism. This is further evidenced by his later coin legends which translate, "follower of the Dharma."
WA79645. Silver drachm, SNG ANS 879, Mitchiner IGIS 218c, Bopearachchi Smithsonian 124, Bopearachchi 16I, HGC 12 193, SNG Cop -, gVF, attractive style, toned, reverse off center, light marks, weight 2.451 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, draped bust right, wearing diadem and crested helmet ornamented with bull's horn and ear; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa Tratarasa Menadrasa (of Great King Menander the Savior), Athena Alkidemos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, shield on left arm, Kharosthi monogram right; $160.00 (142.40)


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Hippostratos, c. 65 - 55 B.C.

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The quantity and quality of Hippostratos' coinage indicates a quite powerful king. He seems to have initially fought successfully against the Indo-Scythian invaders led by Azes I. He was, however, ultimately defeated and became the last western Indo-Greek king.
SH56743. Silver tetradrachm, SNG ANS 1624 var. (normal M), Bopearachchi 7 var. (exergue control letter not listed), Mitchiner IGIS 445 var. (same), aVF, weight 9.340 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Hazara(?) mint, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, IΠΠOΣTPATOY (M as eta), diademed and draped bust right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharajasa tratarasa mahatasa jayamtasa Hipustratasa, Hippostratos on horseback right, wearing crested helmet and military garb; Kharosthi letters left and in exergue, monogram right; variant not in sources consulted, SNG ANS notes otherwise unpublished for the similar type with a normal M; very rare; SOLD


Baktrian Indo-Greek Kingdom, Antialkidas Nikephoros, c. 130 - 120 B.C.

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GS80369. Silver drachm, SGCV II 7631, SNG Cop 315, SNG ANS 1066, Choice aEF, weight 2.380 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ NIKHΦOPOY ANTIAΛKI∆OY, diademed and draped bust right; reverse Kharosthi legend around, Zeus Nikator enthroned half left, Nike in right hand, scepter in left hand, elephant forepart at feet, monogram beneath throne; masterpiece portrait; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Grco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Lahiri, A.N. Corpus of Indo-Greek Coins. (Calcutta, 1965).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).

Catalog current as of Monday, May 29, 2017.
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Indo-Greek