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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Carus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Carus, early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.

Carus was the Praetorian prefect during the reign of emperor Probus and came to power after the latter's assassination. He was killed by lightning outside Ctesiphon after a successful campaign against the Persian empire. His sons Carinus and Numerian succeeded him.


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA71640. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 81, Cohen VI 78, La Venèra 4043, Venèra IV 252 (4 specimens), Hunter IV 15 var. (bust), SRCV III 12180 var. (obv. legend, late 282 A.D.), Choice EF, full circles strike, much silvering, very light porosity/corrosion, weight 4.469 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. Mar - Jun 283; obverse IMP C M AVR KARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, raising flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton behind with left, SXXI in exergue; rare; SOLD


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The consecratio altar type is not listed for Tripolis mint in references held by Forum. A similar type is listed for Antioch.
SH08800. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 -, SRCV -, ANS -, Choice aEF, weight 3.06 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) mint, obverse DIVO CARO AVG, radiate bust right; reverse CONSECRATIO•, flaming altar, T - R across fields, XXI in exergue; dark toning; SOLD


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SH34744. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 45, Choice EF, weight 3.660 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 282 - 283 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), standing left, resting right hand on grounded shield, spear vertical in left, RΓ in exergue; full silvering; SOLD


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An interesting reverse inscribed "The Peace of the Army" and displaying the goddess Pax holding a military standard. The message was perhaps analogous to the renaming of the U.S. Department of War to the Department of Defense in 1949.
RB71580. Billon antoninianus, Cohen VI 56; Pink VI-2, p. 26; RIC V 75 var. (no drapery); Hunter III 14 var. (slight drapery); SRCV III 12175 var. (obv. legend), Choice aEF, near full silvering, excellent centering and strike, unusual bust, a few small encrustations, very light corrosion, weight 3.312 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, Oct - Dec 282; obverse IMP CARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX EXERCITI, Pax standing slightly left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, standard vertical behind in left hand, PXXI in exergue; rare bust variant; SOLD


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RA29297. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 47 var. (bust type), aEF, weight 3.538 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 283 - 285 A.D.; obverse DIVO CARO, radiate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle facing, head left, KA dot over crescent in exergue; nice color, ex Alex G. Malloy, auction 42, lot 568, 2 Mar 1996; rare; SOLD


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Carus was the Praetorian prefect during the reign of emperor Probus and came to power after the latter's assassination. He was killed by lightning outside Ctesiphon after a successful campaign against the Persian empire. His sons Carinus and Numerian succeeded him.
RA66816. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 127, VF, weight 4.570 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, posthumous, c. Jul/Aug 283 A.D.; obverse DIVO CARO AVG, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, flaming altar, ∆ right, XXI in exergue; Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 4, lot 382; SOLD


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From the Aiello Collection.
RA04144. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 24, Choice gVF, weight 3.58 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 283 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CARVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing left on globe holding wreath in right and palm frond in left, flanked by captive on each side, A left; bold; SOLD


Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Dikaiosyne is the Greek personification of justice and fair dealing. One of the most common reverse types of Alexandria, she always holds scales and a cornucopia.
RX48412. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4662; Geissen 3162; BMC Alexandria p. 316, 2441; Curtis 1897; Emmett 3996, gVF, weight 6.368 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 345o, Alexandria mint, obverse A K M A KAPOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing left, scales in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, LA (year 1) upper left; SOLD


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Carus defeated the Quadi and Sarmatians on the Danube, invaded Syria and Mesopotamia, conquered the Persian capital Ctesiphon, and pressed on with the Roman army beyond the Tigris. In his short reign, Carus was recognized as both Germanicus Maximus and Persicus Maximus.
RA56249. Billon antoninianus, Venèra IV 289; cf. RIC V-2 82; Cohen VI 79; Hunter IV 15; SRCV III 12180 (different busts), gVF, weight 4.023 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 282 - 283 A.D.; obverse IMP CARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes standing left, flower in right hand, raising skirt with left hand, SXXI in exergue; SOLD


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An interesting reverse inscribed "The Peace of the Army" and displaying the goddess Pax holding a military standard. The message was perhaps analogous to the renaming of the U.S. Department of War to the Department of Defense in 1949.
RA73689. Billon antoninianus, Hunter III 14; RIC V-2 75; Cohen VI 56; Pink VI-2, p. 26; RIC V 75 var. (no drapery); Venèra IV 288 var. (bust); cf. SRCV III 12175 (obv. leg.), VF, well centered, some silvering, uneven strike, areas of light corrosion and encrustation, weight 3.958 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, Oct - Dec 282; obverse IMP CARVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX EXERCITI, Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, standard in left, PXXI in exergue; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DEOETDOMINOCAROINVIC
DIVOCARO
DIVOCAROAVG
DIVOCAROPARTHICO
DIVOCAROPIO
DIVOCAROPERS
IMPCARVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCARVSAVG
IMPCMAVRCARVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRKARVSPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). (Wetteren, 1976).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Gricourt, D. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume IV: Caro - Diocleziano. (Verona, 2000).
King, C. Roman Quinarii from the Republic to Diocletian and the Tetrarchy. (Oxford, 2007).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, |Part| II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Milani, L. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Pink, K. "Der Aufbau der Römischen münzprägung in der Kaiserzeit: VI/2. Carus und Söhne" in Numismatische Zeitschrift 80 (1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, December 13, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Carus