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Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
L Domitius Aurelianus was born in Sirmium about 207 A.D. Of humble background, Aurelian rose in the ranks to become one of Rome's greatest generals. Proclaimed emperor around 270 A.D., he quickly crushed the various usurpers, restoring to its largest extent except for the Dacia, which was abandoned permanently. Aurelian then embarked on a series of public works meant to restore the empire's shattered infrastructure. His brilliant rule was cut short by a court conspiracy ending in his assassination in 275 A.D.
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.SH24849. Gold aureus, MER-RIC 1584, Göbl MIR 127q, pl. 74 (O96/R298); BnF XII 424, pl. 13 (same dies); Estiot 1999-I 58 (same dies); RIC V 15, aEF, edge bump at 10 o'clock, weight 4.459 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, issue 3, mid 272 – end 272; obverse IMP CL DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right, wearing aegis across chest with small Medusahead in center; reverseVIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus, helmeted, cloaked, holding spear in right and trophy across left shoulder, walking right, captive before; ex HarlanBerk; SOLD
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.SH47767. Billondenarius, RIC V-1 71, BnF XII 185, Göbl MIR 135f2, MER-RIC 1799 var. (also draped), superb EF, near full silvering, excellent full strike, weight 2.779 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, issue 10, end 274 A.D.; obverseIMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseVICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, B left, VSV in exergue; SOLD
SH04033. Copper as, RIC V-1 80 var., Choice VF+, superb glossy lime green patina, weight 7.130 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 270 - 276 A.D; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseCONCORDIA AVG (harmony of the Emperor), Emperor and empress clasping hands, above and between them bust of Sol right; RIC does not cite variety without mint mark in exergue; from the Aiello Collection; very scarcedenomination; SOLD
In 275, Aurelian prepared a campaign against the Sassanids in Asia Minor. In Thrace, while waiting to cross the Bosphorus with his army, he ordered severe punishments for corrupt soldiers and made a list of high-ranking officers marked for execution. In September, Aurelian fell victim to a conspiracy of the Praetorian Guard and was murdered near Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey).SH35074. Billondenarius, MER-RIC 1844, RIC V-1 73, Venèra 1496, BnF XII 238, Choice EF, bold strike, perfect centering, weight 2.790 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, early - Sep 275; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseVICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond against shoulder in left; a bound captive seated left at feet with head turned right, A in exergue; scarce late denarius; SOLD
Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
According to Estiot, this coin is only the 5th published specimen, and of excellent quality for the issue.SH26269. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-1 104, Estiot 378, Venèra 1571 - 1572, aEF, weight 4.531 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse CONCORDI LEGI (harmony with the legions), Concordia standing half left between four standards, P in exergue; very rare; SOLD
RA87276. Billonantoninianus, MER-RIC 2671.1 (this coin, the only specimen), VF, many cleaning marks, closed edge crack, weight 3.352 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, issue 7, phase 2, Apr – Nov 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseORIENS AVG (the rising sun of the Emperor), Mars on left in military dress, standing right, long scepter in left hand, receiving globe from Sol, on right standing left, whip in left hand, resting with right foot on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, head turned right, XXI•P in exergue; extremely rare, the only specimen know to MER-RIC and otherwise unpublished; SOLD
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.SH66608. Billonantoninianus, BnF XII 1003, Göbl MIR 143q, RIC V-1 260, SRCV III 11542, Choice EF, weight 3.550 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 4th emission, c. 272; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseIOVI CONSER (to Jupiter the protector), emperor standing right, scepter in left, receiving globe from Jupiter, Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, P in exergue; SOLD
The epithet Invictus in the obverselegend translates, "the invincible" or "the undefeated."
In 274, Rome greeted Aurelian as Restitutor Orbis ("Restorer of the World") and accorded him a magnificent triumph (victory procession), which was graced by his captives Tetricus I and his son Tetricus II. Aurelian's conquests of the Palmyran Empire and the Gallic Empire reunited the Roman Empire.SH63723. Billonantoninianus, MER-RIC 2787, RIC V-1 301, Venèra 10030 - 10033 10732, BnF XII 1048, SRCV III 11593, aEF, much silvering remaining, weight 4.175 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, issue 8, phase 2, Nov 274 - Sep 275 A.D.; obverseIMP C AVRELIANVS INVICTVS AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverse RESTITVT OR-BIS, Aurelian on right standing left, extending right to woman standing confronted and offering him a wreath, star lower center, KA•Γ• in exergue; SOLD
Palmyrene Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, 270 - 275 A.D.
Vabalathus, son of the Palmyran king Odenathus and Zenobia, was declared Augustus but Aurelian defeated his forces. He and Zenobia were then taken to Rome where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of Vabalathus most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Imperator Dux Romanorum. The portraits of Vabalathus are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.RA08799. Billonantoninianus, MER-RIC 3107, RIC V-2 381, BnF XII 1248, Hunter IV 7, Göbl MIR 353a5, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Choice gVF, weight 3.00 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverseIMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right, E below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; SOLD
There is only one obverse die recorded for this type.RA77606. Billonantoninianus, MER-RIC 2150 (12 specimens), RIC V-1 225, BnF XII - (noted p. 354), VeronaTNRB 9 14044, Venèra -, VF/F, scratches, edge splits, weight 3.414 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issue 5, end 271 ? autumn 272; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed and draped bust left with paludamentum, seen from rear, spear pointing forward in right hand, shield on left shoulder; reverseIOVI CONSER (to Jupiter the protector), emperor on left, standing right, in military dress, short scepter in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter, on right, standing left, long scepter vertical in left hand, *T in exergue; very rare; SOLD
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