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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Claudius II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemanni tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.


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A scarce and popular historical type - the reverse commemorates Claudius' great victory over the Goths at Naissus in Upper Moesia.
BB67670. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T987 (2 spec.), Normanby 1107 (1 spec.), RIC V-1 252 var. (draped and SPQR in ex), SRCV III 11381 var. (SPQR in ex), Cunetio -, EF, weight 3.470 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 4, c. mid 270 - Sep 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate head right, two pellets below; reverse VICTORIAE GOTHIC (victory over the Goths), two captives seated at the base of a trophy of captured arms; extremely rare; SOLD


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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In Greek mythology, Selene is the goddess of the moon. She is the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia, and sister of the sun-god Helios, and Eos, goddess of the dawn. She drives her moon chariot across the heavens. Several lovers are attributed to her in various myths, including Zeus, Pan, and the mortal Endymion. In classical times, Selene was often identified with Artemis, much as her brother, Helios, was identified with Apollo. Selene and Artemis were also associated with Hecate, and all three were regarded as lunar goddesses, but only Selene was regarded as the personification of the moon itself. Her Roman equivalent is Luna.
SH26537. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5408, Geissen 3025, BMC Alexandria 2309, SNG Cop 834, Curtis 1721, gVF, weight 6.388 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 268 - 269 A.D.; obverse AVT K KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse head of Selene right, wearing tainia and chiton fastened on left shoulder with a fibula, A/L (year one) behind, large crescent right with horns left; rare; SOLD


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This commemorative type was issued by Quintillus or Aurelian.
SH04021. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T1278, RIC V-1 266, Venèra 10678 - 10884, Cunetio 2314, Normanby 1115, Hunter IV CD1, Cohen VI 46, SRCV III 11460, superb EF, weight 3.47 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, issue 1, c. end 270 - 271; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing left, head right, wings open; from the Aiello Collection; SOLD


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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SH26544. Billon tetradrachm, BMC Alexandria 2326, gVF, weight 8.653 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 269 - 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Horus standing facing, looking right, wearing Hemhem crown, himation and conthurni (boots), holding vase and branch(?), Paniskos standing at feet, date L-B (year 2); rare; SOLD


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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RX38370. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5407, Milne 4252, Geissen 3045, SRCV III 11414, Emmett 3893, SNG Cop -, choice gVF, bold, weight 10.538 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, Aug 269 - Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AYT K KΛAY∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Poseidon standing left, right foot on a dolphin, grain ear in right, trident in left, L - B (year 2) flanking across field; SOLD


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Very rare historical type. Refers to Claudius' great victory over the Goths at Naissus in Northern Greece. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.
SH18699. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-1 108, VF, weight 2.951 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse VICTORIA • G • M, Victory standing left, resting right on shield, palm in left hand, captive at each side; very rare; SOLD


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RIC lists numerous reverse types from Cyzicus with this SPQR mint mark: Aequitas, Aesculapius, Fortuna, Minerva, Pax, Providentia, Salus, a soldier, and a trophy of arms; but not Venus. We know of three examples with Venus. All three appear to have been struck with different obverse and reverse dies.
RB58210. Billon antoninianus, H.D. Rauch Auction 79, lot 2482; Forum RB34676 (ex Beasley Coll.); cf. RIC V-1 245 (ex blank); Cohen VI 288 (same); Venèra -; Normanby -; Cunetio -, gVF, weight 3.636 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VENVS AVG, Venus Victrix standing left, helmet in right, transverse spear in left, shield at feet behind, S P Q R in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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RX27299. Billon tetradrachm, Curtis 1712, Milne 4228, BMC Alexandria 2321, aEF, weight 10.637 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike flying right, wreath in right hand, palm frond over shoulder in left, L - B (year 2) flanking across fields; SOLD


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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In 270, the Empire suffered an economic crisis due to usurpations, partition of the empire, invasions, and sackings of the countryside and cities. Agricultural and industrial productions were significantly decreased, and mines went unused. A monetary crisis ensued. Inflation was up to 1,000% in some areas of the empire.
RX39427. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 3029; Dattari 5412; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2335; Milne 4276, Curtis 1686, SNG Cop 852; Kampmann-Ganschow 104.18; Emmett 3877, Bold aEF, weight 8.715 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K KΛAV ∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, wreath in beak, transverse palm on left wing, L - B (year 2) flanking across field; SOLD


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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of the genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIVS AVG dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Augustus (Emperor). Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
SL89825. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T228 (6 spec.), Normanby 660, Komin 411, RIC V-1 48, SRCV 11340 var. (Z in field), Hunter IV -, La Venèra -, Cunetio -, Canakkale -, NGC MS, strike 5/5, surface 4/5, silvering (4276559-002), weight 2.86 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Rome mint, issue 1, c. Sep 268 - end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse GENIVS EXERCI (genius of the army), Genio standing half left, head left, nude but for kalathos on head and cloak over shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Martineit Collection of Ancient and World Coins; rare with this bust; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Claudius II