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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Recovery of the Empire| ▸ |Claudius II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

Claudius II Gothicus was born in Illyricum around 215 A.D. Under Valerian and Gallienus he was recognized as a superb general. After the murder of Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus was proclaimed emperor and preceded to crush the Alemanni tribe who had invaded Roman territory. Soon after an enormous horde of Goths poured into the empire. Against all advice, Claudius confronted the barbarians at Naissus in Upper Moesia. He fought a brilliant battle and annihilated them. Unfortunately for the empire, he died of plague after a reign of only two years.


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Neptune was the god of freshwater and the sea in Roman religion. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Neptune was the brother of Jupiter and Pluto; the brothers presided over the realms of Heaven, the earthly world, and the Underworld. Salacia was his consort. Neptune was likely associated with fresh water springs before the sea. Like Poseidon, Neptune was worshiped by the Romans also as a god of horses, under the name Neptunus Equester, a patron of horse-racing.
RA87973. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1044, Huvelin 1990 38, Komin 1267, Cohen VI 184, RIC V-1 214 var. (• or A in ex.), SRCV III 11353, aVF, well centered, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 3.917 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 3, c. early - mid 270; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate head left; reverse NEPTVN AVG, Neptune standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak on left shoulder, dolphin in right hand, trident vertical in left hand; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Anubis, represented as a jackal or as a man with the head of a jackal, was the Egyptian god of the dead. He presided over the embalming of the dead and conducted souls into the underworld. The Greeks and Romans often scorned Egypt's animal-headed gods as bizarre and primitive (they mockingly called Anubis the Barker) but they also identified Anubis with Hermes, morphing them into Hermanubis.
RX91484. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5392; Geissen 3038; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2327; Milne 4240; Curtis 1701; SNG Cop 847; Kampmann-Ganschow 104.25; Emmett 3883, F, tight flan, a little rough, weight 8.700 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K KΛAV∆IOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse bust of Hermanubis right, wearing modius with lotus-petal in front, himation over shoulder, date LB (year 2) in left field, winged caduceus over palm in right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 


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A scarce and popular historical type - the reverse commemorates Claudius' great victory over the Goths at Naissus in Upper Moesia.
RB88871. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 978 (7 spec.), Çanakkale 2439 - 2440, RIC V-1 252 var. (SPQR in ex.), SRCV III 11381 var. (SPQR in ex.), Cunetio -, Normanby -, aVF, well centered, some porosity, centers not fully struck, ragged edge, weight 3.413 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina(?), Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 4, c. mid 270 - Sep 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE GOTHIC (victory over the Goths), two captives seated at the base of a trophy of captured arms; rare; $48.00 SALE |PRICE| $43.20
 


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This commemorative type was issued by Quintillus or Aurelian.
RL88873. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1278, RIC V-1 266, Venèra 10678 - 10884, Cunetio 2314, Normanby 1115, Hunter IV CD1, Cohen VI 46, SRCV III 11460, VF/F, brown tone, ragged edge, weight 2.250 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, issue 1, c. end 270 - 271; obverse DIVO CLAVDIO, radiate head right; reverse CONSECRATIO, eagle standing left, head right, wings open; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.20
 


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Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand.

Under Claudius II, the Rome and Siscia mints often struck the same types. One way to distinguish the issuing mint for a coin is the portrait style. Portraits of Claudius II from Siscia often have a downward pointing nose, such as on this coin.
RL88541. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T884 (24 spec.), RIC V-1 235, SRCV III 11347, Cohen Vi 142, Komin 1120, Çanakkale 2361, Hunter IV - (p. lxxxiii), F, well centered, porous, a little rough, light deposits, closed flan crack, weight 3.533 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 2, c. mid 269; obverse IMP C M AVR CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG N (the joy of our Emperor), Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, left hand resting on grounded anchor, M - C flanking high across field, exergue blank; $14.00 SALE |PRICE| $12.60
 


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The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as symbols and tools for healing and fertility. Asclepius, the son of Apollo and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RL88715. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 184, RIC V-1 98, Normanby 606, Venèra 6066, Cunetio 1935, Çanakkale 1000, Gloucester 22, Thibouville 947, Appleshaw 154, F, green patina, tight flan, weight 3.123 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. Sep 268 - end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse SALVS AVG (the health of the Emperor), Salus standing left, from patera in right hand, feeding snake rising from altar, long scepter in right hand; $14.00 SALE |PRICE| $12.60
 


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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RL88737. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T166, SRCV III 11378, Normanby 617, Venèra 6439 - 6442, Cunetio 1945, Colonne 296, Çanakkale 1059, Komin 375, RIC V-1 104 var. (bust), F, tight flan, a little rough, weight 3.410 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, issue 1, c. Sep 268 - end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory standing slightly, head left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $14.00 SALE |PRICE| $12.60
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVOCLAVDIO
DIVOCLAVDIOGOTHICO
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMOIMP
DIVOCLAVDIOOPTIMP
IMPCCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSAVG
IMPCLAVDIVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCLAVDIVSAVG


REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Claudius II