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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Maurice Tiberius||View Options:  |  |  |   

Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

Joint rule with Theodosius (his son), 29 March 590 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. Although he achieved a favorable peace in Persia and was able to stem the losses of territory in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, led a military revolt against Maurice and was declared emperor in November 602. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
Map of Europe 600 A.D.


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Most references attribute this type to Antioch. Although this type is not listed in DOC I, Grierson attributes all solidi with this wide-faced portrait to Antioch. Hahn attributes the type to Constantinople.
SH90884. Gold light weight solidus, 20 siliquae; SBCV 531, Hahn MIB 14, Sommer 7.61, Adelson 88 - 89 corr. (rho-cross scepter), DOC I -, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, gVF, uneven strike, tight flan, weight 3.390 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinopolis or Antioch mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; reverse VICTORIA AVGG I (victory of the two emperors, 10th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, OBXX in exergue; Forum knows of only seven other examples of this extremely rare type, from the Robert Watcher Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Tremissis of Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius minted by the Lombards, 583-602 A.D.

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The Lombards did not mint coins in the name of their king until the reign of Cunincpert, 688-700 A.D. Grierson notes examples of this tremissis type may be Lombard imitations, stating, "There is no firm line between such imitations and the imperial originals." The large thin flan and style of this coin are strong evidence this example is a Lombardic imitation.
SH06195. Gold tremissis, Hahn MIB 50, DOC I 287, Wroth BMC 277-280, Tolstoi 57-58, Ratto 1029, SBCV 592, FDC, weight 1.46 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Ravenna mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC Tib PP AVC, diademed bust right wearing cuirass and paludamentum; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTORVN (the victory of the Emperor), angel standing facing, head left, wreath in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, Christogram lower right, CONOB in exergue; from the Woolslayer Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; SOLD


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An early transitional issue.
SH08862. Gold solidus, SBCV 476, DOC I 3, Berk 81, aUNC, weight 4.41 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse o N TIbER m-AVRC P P AV, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGG I (victory of the two emperors, 10th officina), angel standing front, staff topped with Christogram in right, globus cruciger in left; nicely struck, among the most lustrous Byzantine gold coins FORVM has handled; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.; Palestina Prima Countermark

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Due to new finds around Caesarea Maritima, Wolfgang Schulze re-attributed this countermark from Egypt to Palestina Prima. David Woods proposes that "Nicetas, the cousin of the future emperor Heraclius, ordered the countermarking of these coins as he advanced from Egypt into Palestine during the summer of 610 in order to signal the change of government from Phocas to the Heraclii." Another possible date is after the recovery of Syria from the Persians in 628. Schulze dates it to the Arab siege of 637 - 640 A.D., to which Caesarea succumbed. This is only the third example known of this eagle countermark applied to a coin of Maurice Tiberius. Woods identified the other examples, as "a careless accident."
SH77069. Bronze follis, Hahn MIB II 65b, DOC I 22 var. (no 4th officina), SBCV 494; for countermark see Schulze INR 2009, and Woods (Heraclius, Palestina Prima), countermark: VF, coin: aF, areas of corrosion, weight 11.287 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, coin c. 583 - 584, countermark c. 610 - 637; obverse DN mAV - RC P P AV, crowned bust facing, crown with cross and pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand, shield on left shoulder; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and II (regnal year 2), ∆ (4th officina) below, CON in exergue; countermark: in exergue, eagle standing facing, head right, wings raised, in a round punch; from The Jimi Berlin Caesarea Collection (found at Caesarea, Israel); very rare countermark; SOLD


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This is the first example of this type handled by Forum.
SH76244. Gold light weight solidus, 22 siliquae; DOC I 151, Adelson 94, Morrisson BnF - (p. 194), Hahn MIB 13a (Constantinople), Tolstoi 35, SBCV 529, Wroth BMC -, Ratto -, Sommer -, aEF, luster, light marks, some die wear, small ding on reverse, weight 4.012 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 195o, 6th officina, Theoupolis-Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 583 - 22 Nov 602 A.D.; obverse D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC Θς, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, OB+* in exergue; from the Robert Watcher Collection; very rare; SOLD


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SH43334. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/10, Ratto 1002, DOC I 5h (8th officina missing from collection, cites Ratto), Hahn MIB II 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478, VF, large flan,, weight 4.480 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 225o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC H, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured Byzantine soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept Byzantine rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH75232. Gold solidus, DOC I 5d, Tolstoi 15, Ratto 1006, Hahn MIB II 6, Sommer 7.5, Berk 82, SBCV 478, Wroth BMC - (p. 128, note 4), Morrisson BnF -, weight 4.501 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRc - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet ornament and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC ∆, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH48316. Gold light weight solidus, SBCV 481, VF, weight 4.145 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 601 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRc - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left hand, * in right field; reverse VICTORI-A AVGG B, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star in right field, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH10979. Gold semissis, DOC I 12bc, SBCV 486, gVF, weight 2.142 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N MAVRI-CI P P AVC, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC, angel advancing right, looking left, wreath in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; SOLD


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In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured Byzantine soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept Byzantine rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH76123. Gold solidus, DOC I 5b, Wroth BMC 3, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/3, Tolstoi 10, Ratto 998, Hahn MIB 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478,, VF, well centered, bumps and marks, die wear, reverse right a little weakly struck, weight 4.478 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC B, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
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Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
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Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
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Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 14, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Maurice Tiberius