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Joint rule with Constantine VII (his father), 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D. Sole rule, 9 November 959 A.D. - April 960 Joint rule with Basil II (his son), April 960 - April 961 A.D. Joint rule with Basil II and Constantine VIII (his sons), April 961 - 15 March 963 A.D.
Romanus II ruled alone for only three years. He was an ineffectual ruler, dominated by his beautiful wife Theophano. During his rule his general, and the future emperor, Nicephorus Phocas, reconquered Crete and captured Aleppo in Syria.
Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.
In the reverselegend, Constantine includes the epithet Porphyrogenitus, meaning "born in the purple," to emphasis the legitimate nature of his rule after the usurpation of the Lecapenus family. BZ89544. Silver miliaresion, DOC III, part 2, 21, SBCV 1757, Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/Ar/10, Wroth BMC 67, Ratto 1906, Sommer 36.13, VF, well centered, old collection toning, bumps and scratches, holed, weight 2.749 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 6 Apr 945 - 9 Nov 959 A.D.; obverse IhSuS XRISTuS nICA (Jesus Christ conquers), Cross crosslet set on three steps, saltire cross at center, globus below, triple border of dots with 16 evenly spaced globules; reverse +COhST'T' / ΠORFVROΓ' / CE ROMAhO / Eh X'w EVSEL' / b' RwMEOh in five lines, triple border of dots with 16 evenly spaced globules; from the Robert Watcher Collection; scarce; $200.00 (€170.00)
Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.
This type with the obliterated reverselegend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.SH47406. Gold solidus, Füeg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, Choice EF, weight 4.395 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; unusual strike with near full circles visible; very rare; SOLD
This type with the obliterated reverselegend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. Coins of this emergency issue are very rare. This coin is the only one that Forum has seen with two pellets in each limb of the cross inside the nimbus cruciger vs. the usual three.SH05323. Gold solidus, Füeg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; Triton IV 837; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, gVF, weight 4.38 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 959 A.D.; obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM (Jesus Christ King of Kings), bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, two pellets in each cross limb, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left; reverse obliterated legend, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; superb portrait of Christ; very rare; SOLD
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