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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Valens||View Options:  |  |  |   

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.


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The mint mark in the exergue may be read TR for Treveri, OB for obryzium (refined gold), and the final T for tertia (3rd officina).
SH28058. Gold solidus, RIC IX Trier 17(e)4, Choice EF, weight 4.423 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Valentinian and Valens, enthroned facing, together they hold globe, palm between them, Victory with spread wings facing above, TROBT in exergue; SOLD


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RIC lists only officinae Γ, E and H for this issue.
SH08994. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(d)xxix var., superb aMS, weight 4.52 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS PER F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, Emperor standing facing, head right, holding standard decorated with cross and Victory on globe, ANTI* in exergue; very rare; SOLD


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SH37580. Gold solidus, RIC IX Constantinopolis 25b, Cohen VIII 34, Depeyrot 21/2, VF, scratches, slight bend, weight 4.381 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, Emperor standing facing, head right, standard with cross in right, Victory holding wreath on globe in left hand, *CONS wreath in exergue; ex CNG auction 168, lot 267 (sold for $748 plus fees); rare (R2); SOLD


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On this coin theta (Θ) indicates it was minted by the 9th officina (mint workshop). Because they sound alike, theta was associated with Thanatos, the Roman personification of death. Also, after a Roman funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow," were solemnly observed by the family. Romans avoided the use of theta, as we avoid the use of the number 13 today. Often a sum of the Greek numerals E (5) and ∆ (4) was used to indicate the 9th officina in order to avoid using Θ (9).
SH64492. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(d)xiii.7, Depeyrot 27/3, SRCV V 19564, Hunter V -, Cohen VIII -, VF, scratches, weight 4.372 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS PER F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, Victory on globe presenting wreath in left hand, ANTΘ in exergue; SOLD


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On this coin theta (Θ) indicates it was minted by the 9th officina (mint workshop). Because they sound alike, theta was associated with Thanatos, the Roman personification of death. Also, after a Roman funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow," were solemnly observed by the family. Romans avoided the use of theta, as we avoid the use of the number 13 today. Often a sum of the Greek numerals E (5) and ∆ (4) was used to indicate the 9th officina in order to avoid using Θ (9).
SH86349. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(d)xviii.2, Depeyrot 27/3, SRCV V 19564, Hunter V -, Cohen VIII -, VF/gF, well centered, bumps, scratches, graffiti, edge cracks, weight 4.339 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS PER F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, vexillum with cross on flag in right hand, Victory standing on globe presenting wreath in left hand, ANTΣ in exergue; ex H.D. Rauch, auction 101 (18 April 2016), part of lot 1856; SOLD


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SH26048. Gold solidus, RIC IX Constantinopolis 5(b), Choice VF, holed, weight 4.401 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Valentinian and Valens stand facing, heads towards each other, each holds a spear in outer hand and together a Victory on globe who crowns them, CONSP in exergue; rare (R2); SOLD


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SH39473. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(d)xxix2, F, holed, weight 4.583 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 165o, 5th officina, Antioch mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS PER F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, standard decorated with cross in right, Victory on globe in left hand, ANTE* in exergue; SOLD


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Valens endowed Antioch with a new forum, including a statue of Valentinian on a central column, and he reopened the great church of Constantine, which stood until the Persian sack by Chosroes in 538.
SH25965. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Antioch 34(b)3; RSC V 96g; SRCV V19699; Hunter V -, Choice aEF, weight 2.092 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 373 - 374 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX within wreath, ANT in exergue; very attractive, excellent portrait, bold, full circle centering on both obverse and reverse, ex Jean Elsen, V 86, 485; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.
SH51610. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Trier 46(a)1 (S), RSC V 110a, Hunter V 7, SRCV V 19678, Choice gVF, toned, very nice portrait, weight 1.473 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on cuirass, helmeted and draped, right breast bare, Victory on globe in Roma's right hand, reversed spear in her left hand, Victory extending wreath in right hand and holding palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, TRPS in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Valens endowed Antioch with a new forum, including a statue of Valentinian on a central column, and he reopened the great church of Constantine, which stood until the Persian sack by Chosroes in 538.
SH62370. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Antioch 33b1, VF, weight 1.808 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / X / MVL / XX within wreath, ANT in exergue; scarce; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNVALENSPERAVG
DNVALENSPERFAVG
DNVALENSPFAVG
IMPCEVALENSPFAVG
VALENSAVGVS


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Valens