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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ MaxentiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

Maxentius was the son of Maximianus, and a talented soldier. On 28 October 306 A.D., in rebellion against Severus II, the Italians and Praetorian Guard raised Maxentius to the rank of Caesar. He quickly invited his father, who had been forced to abdicate, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the famed Conference of Carnutum, Maxentius remained in control of Italy until 312 A.D. At the famous Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell from the bridge and drowned in the Tiber. His demoralized army was defeated by Constantine I.


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

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Maxentius, the son of Maximinian, was made in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RL74570. Billon half follis, RIC VI Ostia 61, Hunter V 41 var. (2nd officina), cf. SRCV IV 15035 (Rome), Choice aVF, full circles strike on a broad flan, weight 3.362 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 309 - 312 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N (the eternal victory of our emperor), Victory standing right, left foot on base of cippus supporting shield on which she inscribes VOT / X, captive seated left, MOSTP in exergue; $145.00 (€129.05)
 


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Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges. He invited his father, Maximinian, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, when he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RB71449. Billon follis, RIC VI Rome 258, Hunter V 22, SRCV IV -, VF, nice green patina, mintmark not fully struck, weight 5.646 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated facing in hexastyle temple, head left, globe in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side behind, knobs as acroteria, wreath on pediment, H left, REP in exergue; $105.00 (€93.45)
 


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The Dioscuri, the twins Castor and Pollux, most frequently appear on coins of the Roman Republic as horsemen galloping, with couched lances, and stars above their pilei. Their mother was Leda, the queen of Sparta. Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareus, her husband, the king of Sparta. Pollux was the divine son of Zeus, who seduced Leda in the guise of a swan. When Castor was killed, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation Gemini. The pair were regarded as the patrons of sailors, to whom they appeared as St. Elmo's fire, and were also associated with horsemanship. In Rome, their festival was celebrated on the 28th of January.
RT84378. Billon follis, Hunter V 32, RIC VI Ostia 35, Cohen VII 5, SRCV IV 14975, F, tight flan, marks and scratches, reverse off center, weight 5.713 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 309 - 28 Oct 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux, each with star above cap, both naked except chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, MOSTQ in exergue; $60.00 (€53.40)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MAVRMAXENTIVSNOBCAES
MAXENTIVSNOBC
MAXENTIVSPFAVG
MAXENTIVSPRINCINVICT
IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVGCONSII


REFERENCES

Calicó, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zürich, 2013).
Gautier, G. "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien" in RN XXXIII (1991).
King, C.E. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R.A.C. & C.H.V. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, February 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Maxentius