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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ MaxentiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

Maxentius was the son of Maximianus and a talented soldier. On 28 October 306 A.D., in rebellion against Severus II, the Italians and Praetorian Guard raised Maxentius to the rank of Caesar. He quickly invited his father, who had been forced to abdicate, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the famed Conference of Carnutum, Maxentius remained in control of Italy until 312 A.D. At the famous Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell from the bridge and drowned in the Tiber. His demoralized army was defeated by Constantine I.


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Maxentius, the son of Maximianus, was made emperor in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
SH04242. Billon half follis, RIC VI Aquileia 128 var. (AQΓ), cf. Cohen VII 141 (mintmark not described), SRCV IV 15044 (Rome), aEF, weight 2.47 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, Feb 307 - 310 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, head right in Hercule's Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse VOT / X / FEL / Γ, in wreath; from the Aiello Collection, of greatest rarity (unlisted variety of an R5 type); SOLD


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

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Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges.
RB64551. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 103, VF, well centered, excellent bust, weight 7.161 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 20 Apr - end 308 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate bust wearing imperial mantle left, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse CONSERV VRB SVAE, hexastyle temple, Roma seated facing within, head left, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, pediment empty, knobs for acroteria, TT in exergue; SOLD


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This interesting reverse includes two sets of twin brothers; Romulus and Remus suckling the she-wolf are flanked by the Disocuri twins Castor and Pollux, with their horses.
RB73599. Billon follis, RIC VI Ostia 16, Cohen VII 10, SRCV IV 14976, Choice aEF, perfect centering, some silvering remaining, weight 6.421 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux, each with star above cap, naked except chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, she-wolf suckling twins in center, MOST∆ in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MAVRMAXENTIVSNOBCAES
MAXENTIVSNOBC
MAXENTIVSPFAVG
MAXENTIVSPRINCINVICT
IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVGCONSII


REFERENCES

Calicó, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zürich, 2013).
Gautier, G. "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien" in RN XXXIII (1991).
King, C.E. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R.A.C. & C.H.V. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 21, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Maxentius