Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Hanukkah Sameach! All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ Papal StatesView Options:  |  |  | 

Papal States

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church, were territories in the Italian Peninsula under the sovereign direct rule of the pope, from the 8th century until 1870. They were among the major states of Italy from roughly the 8th century until the Italian Peninsula was unified in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. At their zenith, they covered most of the modern Italian regions of Lazio (which includes Rome), Marche, Umbria and Romagna, and portions of Emilia. These holdings were considered to be a manifestation of the temporal power of the pope, as opposed to his ecclesiastical primacy. By 1861, much of the Papal States' territory had been conquered by the Kingdom of Italy. Only Lazio, including Rome, remained under the Pope's temporal control. In 1870, the pope lost Lazio and Rome and had no physical territory at all, not even the Vatican. Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini ended the crisis between unified Italy and the Holy See by signing the Lateran Treaty in 1929, thus granting the Vatican City State sovereignty.


Papal State, Pius IX, 1846 - 1878

Click for a larger photo
Pius IX was the last pope who was also a secular ruler. As monarch of the Papal States, he ruled over some 3 million people. In 1870, the Papal States were seized by force of arms by the newly founded Kingdom of Italy. The matter was only resolved in international law by the Lateran Treaty agreed in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, the latter receiving financial compensation for the loss of the Papal States and Italy recognized the Vatican City State as an independent territorial sovereign entity in International law known as the Holy See. The latter, as before, maintains diplomatic relations with many other states.
SH86343. Gold 20 Lire, Pagani 531, Berman 3333, Muntoni 41, Krause 1382.3, Schlumberger Gold 154, Friedberg 280; Latin Monetary Union; reeded edge, EF, light marks, weight 6.412 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 1867; obverse PIVS IX PON MAX A XXII (Pius IX Pontifex Maximus, year 22), bust left, wearing zucchetto, mozzetta, and pallium, fleuron below; reverse * STATO * PONTIFICIO *, 20 / LIRE / 1867 in three lines within oak and laurel wreath, small R (Rome) below; SOLD







CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES



Catalog current as of Saturday, December 16, 2017.
Page created in 1.389 seconds.
Papal States