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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Mysia| ▸ |Pergamon||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Pergamon, Mysia

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 133 B.C.

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Ex William Turner Collection. William Turner (1792 - 1867), British diplomat of the early 19th century, authored his interesting and opinionated Journal of a Tour in Levante (1820) describing his adventures in the area. This specimen was obtained by Turner in the course of his travels (1812 - 1817).

III:282 "..this morning I bought a few medals of the city [Pergamum] for which I could not close my bargain last night, but I was right in supposing that if I remained firm, the seller would yield on seeing me go off."
WT46627. Bronze AE 22, William Turner Collection 372 (this coin); SNG BnF 1866; SNG Cop 379; BMC Mysia p. 128, 149; Weber 5188; SGCV II 3976, F, weight 7.891 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Asklepios right, ΣEΛEYKOY below; reverse Π−EP/Γ−A/MHNΩN, eagle standing half-left on thunderbolt, wings open, head right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I to Eumenes II, 241 - 159 B.C.

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Philetaerus, an officer of Lysimachus, deserted in 282 B.C., taking control of Pergamon and a large treasure deposited there. At first nominally a Seleukid suzerainty, Pergamon grew into a strong, prosperous and independent kingdom. Loyal allies of Rome in the Macedonian Wars and against the Seleucids, they were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
SH70834. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group III, V.XXIX; SNG BnF 1609 (same obverse die); SNG Cop 334; SNGvA 7453; Meydancikkale 3003; BMC Mysia p. 115, 31, VF, porous, superb high relief portrait, weight 16.690 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, struck in the name of Philetairos, c. 225 -188 B.C; obverse laureate head of Philetairos I right; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; ex CNG auction 293, lot 93; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH08957. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group II (V.VIII); Meydancikkale 3002 (same obv. die); SNG BnF 1604; SNGvA 7452; BMC Mysia p. 115, 30; SNG Cop -, VF, high relief portrait, weight 17.02 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamum (Bergama, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Philetaerus right, wearing taenia diadem; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; ex Freeman and Sear; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH54018. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group V (V.LXXXV), SNG BnF 1618, Meydancikkale 3041, VF, high relief portrait, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 263 - 241 B.C.; obverse Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed head right; reverse Athena enthroned left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, spear leaning transverse on her far side, resting left arm on round shield leaning against throne, grape bunch to outer left, A to inner left, bow to right; rare; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I, 241 - 197 B.C.

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH59510. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group VIA; SNG BnF 1621, Meydancikkale 3045 ff., SNGvA 1359, SNG Delepierre -, SNG Cop -, VF, high-relief sculptural portrait, weight 16.428 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamum (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 263 - 241 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Philetaerus right in taenia; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, Athena enthroned left, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, left arm resting on shield with gorgoneion at side, transverse spear in background, palm frond outer left, strung bow right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Eumenes I, 263 - 241 B.C.

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Upon his succession, Eumenes, perhaps with the encouragement of Ptolemy II, who was at war with the Seleucids, revolted, defeating the Seleucid king Antiochus I near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 B.C. He was thus able to free Pergamon and greatly increase the territories under his control. Although he never took the title of king, Eumenes did exercise all of the powers of one. Since he had no surviving heir, Eumenes adopted his second cousin, Attalus I, who succeeded him as ruler of Pergamon.
SH10706. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark group III (V.XVIII/R.4); SNG BnF 1606; SNG Cop 334; SNGvA 7453; Meydancikkale 3003; BMC Mysia p. 115, 31, Choice gVF, superb high relief portrait, well centered and struck, attractive toning, minor porosity, weight 16.92 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Philetaerus right, wearing entwined laurel wreath and diadem; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, chiton and peplos, right hand supporting grounded round shield before her, shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, resting left elbow on left arm of throne which is ornamented with a sphinx, transverse spear leaning on left arm, ivy leaf above knee, A on throne, bow outer right; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH86750. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group VI.B (V.CXXV/R.3); BMC Mysia p. 117, 41 (same dies); SNG BnF -, VF, excellent portrait, light toning, bumps and marks, weight 16.288 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 235 - 210 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) right; reverse Athena enthroned left, with wreath in right hand, crowning dynastic name ΦIΛETAIPOY downward to left, left elbow resting on grounded shield to right; transverse spear on far side, palm frond outer left, ∆I inner left, bow right; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 411, lot 112; SOLD


Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos I, 282 - 263 B.C.

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This coin bears the first portrait of Philetairos, first King of Pergamene, 282 -263 B.C. Hoard evidence and recent studies indicate it was struck at the end of his reign. Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I, then Seleukos portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly this type with his own portrait. This same reverse was used for the Seleukos I portrait types. Philetairos' coinage is known for its magnificent realistic portraits and this coin is an excellent example. Very rare and absent from most major collections.
SH11193. Silver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 3000, SNG BnF 1603 var., SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 16.629 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 265 - 263 B.C.; obverse head of Philetaerus right in taenia; reverse ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on right, Athena enthroned left, right hand on shield before her, spear over shoulder in left, leaf above arm, bow right; high relief portrait; very rare; SOLD


Pergamon, Mysia, Mid 5th Century B.C.

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After the Persian defeat, Gongylus of Eretria, the agent by whom the Spartan general Pausanias communicated with Xerxes of Persia, fled to Anatolia. Xerxes granted him the territory of Pergamon as a reward for his service. His descendants ruled over the city until at least 400 B.C.
SH68749. Silver diobol, Von Fritze pl. I, 1; Mørkholm Pergamene 1; SNGvA 1347; SNG BnF 1546; Winzer 7.1 (Eurysthenes, satrap of Pergamon), VF, centered, toned, small edge crack, weight 1.595 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, earliest coinage of the city, mid 5th century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠEPΓ, bearded head of satrap right, wearing Persian headdress, within incuse square; rare; SOLD


Livia and Julia, Pergamon, Mysia, c. 10 - 2 B.C.

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Julia was Augustus' only natural child, the daughter of his second wife Scribonia. She was born the same day that Octavian divorced Scribonia, to marry Livia. Julia's tragic destiny was to serve as a pawn in her father's dynastic plans. At age two, she was betrothed to Mark Antony's ten-year-old son, but the fathers' hostility ended the engagement. At age 14, she was married to her cousin but he died two years later. In 21 B.C., Julia married Agrippa, nearly 25 years her elder, Augustus' most trusted general and friend. Augustus had been advised, "You have made him so great that he must either become your son-in-law or be slain." Agrippa died suddenly in 12 B.C. and Julia was married in 11 B.C. to Tiberius. During her marriages to Agrippa and Tiberius Julia took lovers. In 2 B.C., Julia was arrested for adultery and treason. Augustus declared her marriage and void. He also asserted in public that she had been plotting against his own life. Reluctant to execute her, Augustus had her exiled, with no men in sight, forbidden even to drink wine. Scribonia, Julia's mother, accompanied her into exile. Five years later, she was allowed to move to Rhegium but Augustus never forgave her. When Tiberius became emperor, he cut off her allowance and put her in solitary confinement in one room in her house. Within months she died from malnutrition.
RP67898. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2359; SNG Cop 467; BMC Mysia p. 139, 248; AMC I 1229; McClean 7718; SNG Paris -; SNGvA -, aVF, green patina, slightly off center, light scratches, weight 3.434 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, grammateus Charinos, c. 10 - 3 B.C.; obverse ΛIBIAN HPAN CAPINOΣ, draped bust of Livia (as Hera) right; reverse IOVΛIAN AΦPO∆ITHN, draped bust of Julia (as Aphrodite) right; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

ANS Collections Database - http://numismatics.org/search/
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Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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