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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Perinthus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Heraclea Perinthus (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey)

In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia. The Latin coins of Perinthus, struck under Claudius and Nero, are all rare. BMC does not list Perinthus mint, and identifies some types as barbarous, which are now attributed to Perinthus. RIC notes the existence of Balkan sestertii, dupondii and asses but does not catalog them. The city was later renamed Heraclea. An imperial mint was opened at Heraclea during the reign of Diocletian.


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restitution Issue Struck in Thrace under Titus

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The restoration coins of Titus and Domitian attributed by BMC to Lugdunum have been reattributed in RPC II and the new RIC II, part 1 to Thrace, and perhaps Perinthus. The types are rarely found in the west and are most frequently found in the Balkans, some share a countermark identical to some coins of Perinthus, the epigraphy does not fit Lugdunum or Rome, and the inconsistent die axis is characteristic of the Perinthus mint.
SH73458. Brass sestertius, RPC II 511, RIC II-1 Titus 403 (R); BMCRE II Titus 263; BnF III -; Hunter I -; Cohen I -; SRCV I -, gF, centered, nice green patina, weight 24.742 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thrace, Perinthus(?) mint, 80 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, Augustus seated left on curule chair, feet on footstool, radiate and togate, patera in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; reverse IMP T CAES DIVI DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P COS VIII (clockwise starting at 12:00), large S C, REST above; huge 35 mm bronze!; rare; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace

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The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins.
SH22438. Orichalcum sestertius, CNG 9/06 lot 858 (same obverse die?), otherwise unpublished, F, weight 19.690 g, maximum diameter 34.0 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 65 - 68 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAE[SAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P], laureate head right; reverse [DECVR]SIO below, S C at sides, Nero, holding spear, on horseback prancing right, foot-soldier advancing right, head left, holding vexillum, another soldier running right; green patina, thin flan; very rare; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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C. Howgego suggests that this might belong with the Thracian group of Neronian coins in Latin (RPC I 1758 ff.).
RB33833. Bronze semis, RPC I Supplement (online) S2-I-5487 (4 spec.), RIC I -, Cohen I -, BMCRE I -, BnF I -, aVF, weight 4.105 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain (Perinthus, Thrace?) mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR, bare head right; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTI (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left; very rare; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace

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Perinthos, later called Heraclea and Marmara Eregli today, is 90 km west of Istanbul near a small pointed headland on the north shore of the Marmara Sea. It is said to have been a Samian colony, founded about 599 B.C. It is famous chiefly for its stubborn and successful resistance to Philip II of Macedon in 340 B.C.; at that time it seems to have been more important than Byzantium itself. In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia.
RB90419. Bronze AE 23, SchŲnert-Geiss Perinthos 340; RPC III 694 (2 spec.); Varbanov II 68 (R3) var. (obv. legend); SGICV 960 var. (same); BMC Thrace p. 149, 19 var. (same), F, rough green patina, reverse double struck, light corrosion, cleaning marks, weight 7.809 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 225o, Perinthus mint, 98 - 102 A.D.; obverse AV K NE TPAIANOIΣ ΣEBA Γ, radiate head right; reverse ΠEPIN−ΘIΩN, Tyche-Fortuna standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left; SOLD


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.

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Coins from this eastern mint have Latin legends and the usual Rome mint AE denominations but are differentiated by large portraits, crowded legends with serifs, a variable die axis, and a flat or even convex reverse. There are almost no finds of these coins from Western Europe. All the coins attributed by BMCRE to Lugdunum are now assigned to this eastern mint.
RB90705. Bronze sestertius, RIC II-1 498 (Eastern mint (Thrace?)); RPC II 501(Thrace); BMCRE II 309 (Lugdunum); BnF III 323 (Bithynia); Cahn Bithynia 1 (Bithynia), F, well centered, scratches, weight 24.724 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Eastern (Perinthus?) mint, 80 - 81 A.D., after the deification of Vespasian; obverse IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII, laureate head right; reverse PAX AVGVST (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, olive branch downward in right hand, scepter in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low at sides; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace

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The obverse centering mark, style, flan, lack of concavity, 12:00 die axis and Balkan patina identify this as a product of the Balkan mint.
RB71339. Orichalcum dupondius, Apparently unpublished; RIC I -, BMCRE -, RPC I -; cf. CNG e-auction 158, 225 (similar Balkans mint with Nero right), F, weight 10.844 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head left, centering mark; reverse SECVRITAS AVGVSTI (security of the Emperors), Securitas seated right, resting right arm against back of throne, long scepter in right; lighted, altar before, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field, II (mark of value) in exergue; possibly unique; SOLD








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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. RipollŤs. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Mattingly, H. and R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
MacDowell, D.W. The Western Coinages of Nero. ANSNNM 161. (New York, 1979).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).

Catalog current as of Monday, December 9, 2019.
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Perinthus