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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Greece ▸ EuboiaView Options:  |  |  |   

Euboia, Greece

Euboia, separated from the mainland of Greece by the narrow Euripus channel, is the second largest Greek island, after Crete. It was an important source of grain and cattle. Euboia's two principal cities, Chalcis and Eretria, both were Ionian settlements from Attica. Their early importance is shown by their numerous colonies in Magna Graecia, Sicily, and Macedonia. In 490 B.C., Eretria was utterly ruined and its inhabitants transported to Persia. It was restored after the Battle of Marathon, but it never regained its former eminence. In 506 B.C., Athens defeated Chalcis, established 4,000 Attic settlers, and reduced the island to dependence. In 446 B.C., when Euboia endeavored to throw off the yoke, it was reduced by Pericles. In the north, the inhabitants of Histiaea were expelled and replaced by settlers. The Athenians recognized its importance, for supplying them with grain and cattle and, because of its proximity to the coast of Attica, for securing their commerce against piracy. In 410 B.C. the island regained its independence. After this Euboia took sides with other leading states, until, after the Battle of Chaeronea, it passed to Philip II of Macedon, and finally to Rome.Central Greece


Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrius I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.

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The bull's horns suggest Demetrius' relationship to Poseidon is the same as Alexander's to Zeus Ammon. The portrait is individualized, but evokes the image of Alexander. Demetrios was the first to assimilate elements of Alexander's deified portrait and the first living ruler to portray himself as a god on coins.
SH55017. Silver tetradrachm, Newell 153; cf. SNG Alpha Bank 950 ff., SNG Berry 335 ff., SNG Ashmolean 3248 ff., SNG München 1045 ff., SNG Cop 1176 ff. (different controls & mints), VF, weight 16.741 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 225o, Euboea, uncertain mint, c. 290 - 287 B.C.; obverse Demetrios diademed head right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' patron deity, Poseidon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, trident in left (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander), monogram inner left; rare; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrius I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
The bull's horns suggest Demetrius' relationship to Poseidon is the same as Alexander's to Zeus Ammon. The portrait is individualized, but evokes the image of Alexander. Demetrios was the first to assimilate elements of Alexander's deified portrait and the first living ruler to portray himself as a god on coins.
SH88881. Silver drachm, Newell 154, SNG München 1051, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Cop -, VF, attractive style, toned, edge splits, weight 4.202 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Euboea, Chalkis(?) mint, c. 290 - 287 B.C.; obverse Demetrios diademed head right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' patron deity, Poseidon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, trident in left (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander), monogram inner left; ex Gorny & Mosch Giessener, auction 257, lot 334; very rare; SOLD


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 338 - 308 B.C.

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Khalkís, also Chalkis or Chalcis, is a city in eastern Greece, capital of the Aegean island department of Euboea (Évvoia), on the strait of Evripos near Athens. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC, Khalkís was a base for the establishment of colonies in Macedonia (there giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
SH54910. Silver drachm, BCD Euboia 139, Picard emission 8; BMC Central p. 111, 61 ff., Choice gVF, nicely toned, weight 3.728 g, die axis 270o, Chalkis mint, c. 338 - 308 B.C.; obverse head of Hera(?) right, hair rolled, wearing pendant earring and necklace; reverse eagle flying right, snake in beak and claws, concave field, monogram above, ΛAX below; ex Edward Gans (2/28/1968); SOLD


Chalkis, Euboea, Greece, c. 290 - 271 B.C.

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Khalkís, also Chalkis or Chalcis, is a city in eastern Greece, capital of the Aegean island department of Euboea (Évvoia), on the strait of Evripos near Athens. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC, Khalkís was a base for the establishment of colonies in Macedonia (there giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
SH35422. Silver drachm, BCD Euboia 178; BMC Central p. 110, 53; Picard emission 30; SNG Cop 438, Choice VF, of the finest style, toned, weight 3.482 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 270o, Chalkis mint, c. 290 - 271 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Chalkis right, wearing hair rolled, earring and necklace; reverse XAΛ, eagle flying right, carrying snake in talons and beak, kerykeion (caduceus) right below; ex BCD collection, ex Wallace collection; SOLD


Euboean League, Euboea, Greece, 304 - 290 B.C.

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SH13410. Silver drachm, SGCV I 2467; BMC Central, p. 95, 8; Wallace 74, Choice VF, weight 3.897 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Euboia mint, 304 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of the nymph Euboia left; reverse EY, head and neck of bull right, head turned 3/4 facing, fillets hanging from horns, katharos right; nicely toned, excellent centering, fine style; SOLD


Euboean League, Euboea, Greece, 304 - 290 B.C.

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SH56893. Silver drachm, BCD Euboia 17, SNG Cop 484, VF, weight 3.863 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Euboia mint, 304 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of the nymph Euboia right; reverse EY, head and neck of bull right, head turned 3/4 facing, fillets hanging from horns, lyre right; excellent centering, fine style; SOLD


Chalkis, Euboea, Greece, 338 - 330 B.C.

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Khalkís, also Chalkis or Chalcis, is a city in eastern Greece, capital of the Aegean island department of Euboea (Évvoia), on the strait of Evripos near Athens. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC, Khalkís was a base for the establishment of colonies in Macedonia (there giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
SH67899. Silver drachm, Picard emission 4; BCD 126 - 127 (different dies); BMC Central p. 110, 48; cf. SNG Cop 433 (amphora), gVF, very nice toning, weight 3.696 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis mint, 338 - 330 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Chalkis right, hair rolled, wearing necklace and single pendant earring; reverse X - AΛ (retrograde), eagle right, wings open, carrying snake in talons and beak, which winds around the birds body, kantharos in right field; SOLD


Karystos, Euboia, c. 4th - 3rd Century B.C.

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Karystos (Carystus), named for a son of Chiron, was famous for beautiful marble and amianth (asbestos with fine, silky fibers) obtained from Mount Oche. In the Iliad Karystos is controlled by the Abantes. A Persian force landed at Karystos in and took the city in 490 B.C. When Karystos refused to join the Delian league, Athens plundered the city and forced it to join. Karystos is today a town with about 5000 inhabitants on the southern coast of Euboea.
SH63036. Silver drachm, BCD Euboia 558 (this coin), SNG Cop 417 var. (ethnic), BMC Central 8-9 var. (same), aVF, light corrosion, weight 3.292 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Karystos mint, obverse bearded head of Herakles to right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse KAΠYΣTIΩN, cow seated left, head turned slightly facing, club right below; ex BCD Collection, ex W.P. Wallace Collection; rare variety; SOLD


Karystos, Euboea, c. 369 - 336 B.C.

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GB29755. Bronze AE 11, BMC Central p. 102, 16 var. (ethnic spelling?); BCD 582 -; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 1.004 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 90o, Karystos mint, c. 369 - 336 B.C.; obverse bearded Herakles wearing lion's skin headdress; reverse KA[...]O, head and neck of sacrificial bull, three quarter face right; very rare; SOLD


Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, c. 267 - 168 B.C.

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Histiaia, named after its patron nymph, commanded a strategic position overlooking the narrows leading to the North Euboian Gulf. In the Iliad, Homer describes the surrounding plain as "rich in vines." It was pro-Macedonian during the 3rd century, for which it was attacked in 208 and captured in 199 by a Roman-Pergamene force. The Roman garrison was removed in 194. It appears Histiaia continued to prosper but little is known of its later history. Finds at the site indicate it continued to be inhabited in Roman, Byzantine, and later times.
GS85144. Silver tetrobol, BCD Euboia 412 - 413; HGC 4 1524; BMC Central p. 134, 123 var. (trident head below galley); SNG Cop 530 var. (same), Choice gVF, well centered and struck, attractive toning, reverse die wear, light marks, edge bump, weight 2.160 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Histiaia (near Oreoi, Greece) mint, c. 267 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wearing earring and necklace, hair rolled and wreathed in vine; reverse IΣTI−AIEΩN (starting below, ending downward upper left), nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of a galley holding naval standard, ornate apluster, star ornament on hull; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques, Bd. 4. (Paris, 1936).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Calciati, R. Pegasi II. (Mortara, 1990).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Grose, S.W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Head, B. Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Central Greece (Lorcris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea). (London, 1884).
Kraay, C.M. Archaic and Classical Greek Coins. (London, 1976).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Newell, E.T. The Coinage of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (London, 1927).
Numismatik Lanz. Münzen von Euboia: Sammlung BCD, Auction 111. (25 Nov 2002, München).
Picard, O. Chalcis et la Confédération Eubéenne. (Paris, 1979).
Price, M.J. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Robinson, E.S.G. & G.K. Jenkins. A Catalogue of the Calouste Gulbenkian Collection of Greek Coins, Vol. II: Greece to East. (Lisboa, 1971-89).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 3: Akarnanien-Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Wallace, W.P. The Euboian League and its Coinage. ANSNNM 134 (1956).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, May 21, 2019.
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Euboia, Greece