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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Africa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Africa

Kingdom of Numidia, Juba II, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D.

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These coins are usually called denarii because their design is inspired by the Roman pieces, however their weight is one full gram lower.
RP22816. Silver drachm, Mazard 341, SGICV 5974, SNG Cop 593, near Mint State, weight 3.036 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse REX IVBA, diademed head right; reverse cornucopia and transverse scepter; sharply struck, toned with underlying luster, Ponterio & Associates, Inc., Sale #142, 1724; scarce; SOLD


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lepcis (Leptis) Magna, North Africa

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Lepcis (Leptis) Magna was a Phoenician settlement, then a Roman provincial trade center, and is today Al Khums, Libya. It became the third most important city in Africa after it gave birth to a Roman emperor: Septimius Severus. Today Leptis boasts some of the most impressive and well preserved Roman ruins in the world.
SH30340. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 851, aVF, weight 8.448 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, Lepcis Magna mint, obverse [LPQY] (neo-Punic ethnic), head of Dionysos right; reverse bull's hide and club; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Cyrene, Cyrenaica

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In 74 B.C., Cyrene was made a Roman province. Previously under the Ptolemies the Jewish inhabitants had enjoyed equal rights. Under, Rome they were increasingly oppressed by the now autonomous and much larger Greek population. Tensions came to a head in the insurrection of the Jews of Cyrene under Vespasian in 73 A.D. and especially during Kitos War, under Trajan, in 117. The later revolt was quelled by Marcius Turbo, but not before huge numbers of civilians had been brutally massacred by the Jewish rebels. According to Eusebius of Caesarea, the Jewish rebellion left Libya so depopulated that a few years later Hadrian had to establish new colonies there just to maintain the viability of the settlement.
RP86686. Silver hemidrachm, RPC III 3 (76 spec.); SNG Cop 203 (Caesarea); Sydenham Caesarea 178 (Caesarea), BMC Galatia p. 53, 56 (Caesarea), gVF, attractive style, toned, minor porosity, light bumps and marks, light encrustations, weight 1.618 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 195o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 100 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIς NEP TPAIAN ΣEB ΓEPM, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠAT Γ (Consul for the 3rd time), head of Zeus-Ammon right, bearded and horned; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group, auction 73 (13 Sep 2006), lot 762; very rare; SOLD


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Utica, Zeugitana

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Our specimen appears to be struck in copper prompting us naming it "as" but the heavy weight, which is usual for the series over several years probably means that these coins were valued as a dupondius.

MMIV on the reverse stands for Municipes Municipii Julii Uticensis.
SH32262. Copper as (or dupondius), RPC I 738, VF, weight 12.456 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 0o, Zeugitana, Utica mint, 28 - 29 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG IMP VIII, bare head left; reverse C VIBIO MARSO PROCOS II SEX TADIVS FAVSTVS IIV, Livia seated right, scepter in left, patera in extended right, M - M / I - V across fields; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Ptolemy, 24 - 40 A.D.

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Ptolemy was the son of King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II. His mother was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Ptolemy was educated in Rome and Roman citizen. In late 40, Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome. After welcoming him with appropriate honors, he ordered his assassination. Mauretania became a Roman province.
GB42809. Bronze AE 23, SGICV 6033, Mller Afrique 197, SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 6.669 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 255o, Caesarea (Cherchel, Algeria) mint, obverse REX PTOLEMAEVS, diademed and draped bust of Ptolemy right; reverse lion leaping right, star above; very rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II with Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.

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After his father's defeat and suicide, Juba II was take to Rome and paraded in Caesar's triumph. He was then raised in Caesar's household where he and Octavian became lifelong friends. He accompanied Octavian on campaigns after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wife's parents. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was raised by Octavia, Octavian's sister. Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia c. 28 B.C. and later arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen.
GB85847. Bronze AE 28, Alexandropoulos 209, Mazard 351 (RRR), SNG Cop 605, De Luynes 4013, Fair, scratches, weight 13.110 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 45o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed and draped bust right, club over shoulder; reverse BACI−ΛICCA / KΛEOΠATPA, headdress of Isis, with stalks of grain, crescent above; very rare; SOLD


Sabratha, Syrtica, North Africa, c. 8 - 14 A.D., Augustus Reverse

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Sabratha is on the Mediterranean coast about 66 km west of Tripoli, Libya. It was a Tyrian or Carthaginian settlement, the farthest of the west of the three chief cities of Syrtica, with a prosperous harbor. It became a colony in the second century A.D., perhaps under Trajan. Septimius Severus was born nearby in Leptis Magna, and Sabratha reached its peak under the Severans. The city was badly damaged by earthquakes in the 4th century, particularly the quake of 365. Within a hundred years of the Arab conquest of the Maghreb, trade had shifted to other ports and Sabratha dwindled to a village.Roman Theater of Sabratha
RP89294. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 815, Mller Afrique 57, SNG Cop 41, De Luynes 3726, Alexandropoulos 43b, F, dark near black patina, some earthen deposits, scratches, pit (flan flaw?) on reverse, weight 7.680 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Syrtica mint, c. 8 - 14 A.D.; obverse neo-Punic inscription behind: (SBRT'N), bust of Serapis right, neo-Punic inscription under neck: (ZYMS); reverse CAESAR (downward behind), bare head of Augustus right, lituus before; rare; SOLD


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Cyrene, Cyrenaica

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RPC Online, volume IV, the latest reference, identifies the mint for this type as Cyrene, a correction from Caesarea, Cappadocia.
RP85472. Bronze provincial sestertius, RPC Online IV temp 6846; Sydenham Caesarea 339 (Caesarea); BMC Galatia p. 68, 183 (Caesarea); SNG Cop 245 var. (drapery, Caesarea), aF, well centered, dark patina, scratches, earthen encrustations, weight 20.661 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 170 - 171 A.D.; obverse AVTOK KAIC M AYPHA - ANWNEINOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAPXIK - EZOYC K∆ (tribunicia potestate 24), bearded and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; very rare; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89617. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 73 (unlisted officina, R4 - R5 for other officinae), SRCV IV 16304, Cohen VII 639, Hunter V -, Nice VF, attractive portrait and highlighting red earthen fill patina, weight 3.256 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT P R (vows of the Roman people) on an altar decorated with an S, ESIS in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Numidia, Juba I, 60 - 46 B.C.

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Juba supported Pompey the Great in the civil war and committed suicide after Caesar's victory.
RR18521. Silver denarius, debased metal; SNG Cop 524, VF, rough, corrosion, weight 3.200 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Utica mint, 60 - 46 B.C.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed and draped bust right, hair in ringlets, hold scepter over shoulder; reverse neo-Punic legend [HMMLKT] YWB'Y, octastyle temple; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Falbe, C. & J. Lindberg. Numismatique de L'Ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Mller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Ble, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 14, 2019.
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Roman Africa