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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Sicily ▸ GelaView Options:  |  |  |   

Gela, Sicily

Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded by colonists from Rhodos and Crete around 688 B.C. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a "Sicily for the Sicilians" platform and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island. The city had a history of internal strife between its plebs and aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 B.C., they easily captured the Gela with the help of its elites. In 282 B.C., Phintias of Agrigento ruthlessly destroyed Gela to crush its power forever. In Roman times it was only a small settlement.


Gela, Sicily, 490 - 475 B.C.

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SH08968. Silver didrachm, SNG ANS 4/II 21, VF/EF, weight 8.63 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 135o, Gela mint, 490 - 475 B.C.; obverse naked horseman galloping right, brandishing spear; reverse ΓEΛAΣ, forepart of man-faced bull right; obverse poorly struck with a worn die; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, 450 - 440 B.C.

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The obverse of commemorates the tyrant Gelon's victory in the chariot race at the Olympic Games of 488 B.C. Three years later, Gelon seized Syracuse and charioteer type was adopted there. For many years the same charioteer motif was used at many Sicillian cities even after its intial significance may have been forgotten. -- "Coinage of Olympic Proportions" by David R. Sear, published in Numismatist
SH05156. Silver tetradrachm, SNG ANS 4/II 66, F/VF, weight 17.2 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 225o, obverse quadriga walking right guided by charioteer in long chiton, above Nike flying right crowning horses, palmette and tendrils in ex; reverse CEΛAΣ, forepart of a man-faced bull; soft obverse strike; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, 420 - 405 B.C.

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Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded by colonists from Rhodos and Crete around 688 B.C. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a "Sicily for the Sicilians" platform and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island. The city had a history of internal strife between its plebs and aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 BC, they easily captured the Gela with the help of its elites. In 282 B.C., Phintias of Agrigento ruthlessly destroyed Gela to crush its power forever. In Roman times it was only a small settlement.
SH71354. Bronze tetras, Jenkins Gela 516; Calciati III p. 17, 32; SNG ANS 115; SNG Cop 283; SNG München 314; BMC Sicily, p. 73, 66; HGC 2 379 (S), VF/gVF, green patina, weight 3.301 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 315o, Gela mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse bull standing left, head lowered and turned slightly facing, barley kernel over ΓEΛAΣ above, three pellets in exergue; reverse horned head of beardless young river-god Gela right, no diadem, floating hair, barley kernel behind; scarce; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, c. 430 - 425 B.C.

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Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete, 45 years after the founding of Syracuse. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.
SH31474. Silver litra, Jenkins Gela, group VI, 401 - 453; SNG Cop 275; BMC Sicily p. 71, 52; HGC 2 374 (R1), VF, toned, weight 0.771 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 90o, Gela mint, c. 430 - 425 B.C.; obverse bearded cavalryman charging left on horseback, helmeted, armed with shield and couched spear; reverse CEΛAΣ, forepart of a man headed bull swimming right; rare; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, c. 430 - 425 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete, 45 years after the founding of Syracuse. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.
GS37273. Silver litra, Jenkins Gela, group VI, 401 - 453; SNG Cop 275; BMC Sicily p. 71, 52; HGC 2 374 (R1), nice VF, weight 0.574 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, Gela mint, c. 430 - 425 B.C.; obverse bearded cavalryman charging left on horseback, helmeted, armed with shield and couched spear; reverse CEΛAΣ, forepart of a man headed bull swimming right; rare; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, 490 - 475 B.C.

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In 485, Gelo, the tyrant of Gela, took advantage of an appeal by the descendants of the first colonist of Syracuse, the Gamoroi, who had held power until they were expelled by the Killichiroi, the lower class of the city, and made himself master of that city. He left his brother Hieron in control of Gela.
SH59551. Silver didrachm, SNG Cop 255 - 258, BMC Sicily p. 68, 19 ff., F, corrosion, weight 7.277 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gela mint, 490 - 475 B.C.; obverse naked horseman galloping right, brandishing spear overhead in right; reverse ΓEΛAΣ, forepart of man-faced bull right; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, c. 430 - 425 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete, 45 years after the founding of Syracuse. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.
SH58671. Silver litra, Jenkins Gela, group VI, 401 - 453; SNG Cop 275; BMC Sicily p. 71, 52; HGC 2 374 (R1), aVF, toned, weight 0.476 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 270o, Gela mint, 430 - 425 B.C.; obverse bearded cavalryman charging left on horseback, helmeted, armed with shield and couched spear; reverse CEΛAΣ, forepart of a man headed bull swimming right; rare; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, 420 - 405 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded by colonists from Rhodos and Crete around 688 B.C. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a "Sicily for the Sicilians" platform and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island. The city had a history of internal strife between its plebs and aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 BC, they easily captured the Gela with the help of its elites. In 282 B.C., Phintias of Agrigento ruthlessly destroyed Gela to crush its power forever. In Roman times it was only a small settlement.
GB69185. Bronze tetras, Calciati III p. 9, 9; SNG Cop 283 (same dies); Jenkins Gela 499; SNG ANS 107; SNG München 314; SNG Morcom 587; BMC Sicily, p. 73, 66; HGC 2 379 (S), VF, superb style, green patina, weight 3.806 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 90o, Gela mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse bull standing left, head lowered and turned slightly facing, ΓEΛAΣ above, three pellets in exergue; reverse horned head of beardless young river-god Gela right, no diadem, floating hair, barley grain behind; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, c. 420 - 405 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos (Rhodes) and Crete, 45 years after the founding of Syracuse. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a platform of "Sicily for the Sicilians" and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island.
GB63868. Bronze tetras, Jenkins Gela 527; Calciati III p. 20, 46, SNG ANS 120 ff., VF, fine classical style, weight 2.829 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Gela mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse bull walking right, head level and turned almost facing, olive spray above, three pellets in exergue; reverse ΓEΛAΣ, head of young river god right, long wavy smooth hair in thick strands, grain of barley behind; SOLD


Gela, Sicily, c. 339 - 310 B.C.

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Gela was founded around 688 BC by colonists from Rhodos and Crete. The city had a history of internal strife between its plebs and aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 BC, they easily captured the Gela with the help of its elites. In 282 B.C. Phintias of Agrigento ruthlessly destroyed Gela to crush its power forever. In Roman times it was only a small settlement.
GB65249. Bronze AE 16, Calciati III p. 28, 56; Jenkins Gela 541, SNG München 323, SNG ANS -, VF, weight 3.354 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Gela mint, c. 339 - 310 B.C.; obverse youthful head of the Herakles wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse bearded head of the River God of Gelas right, wearing a reed wreath; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur, Vol. 1. Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Moesia, Dacia, Sarmatia, Thrace, and Macedonia. (Winterthur, 1987).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage, Vol. III. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Castrizio, D. La monetazione mercenariale in Sicilia, Strategie economiche e territoriali fra Dione e Timoleonte. (Soveria Manelli, 2000).
Gabrici, E. La monetazione del bronzo nella Sicila antica. (Palermo, 1927).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Jenkins, G.K. The Coinage of Gela. AMUGS II. (Berlin, 1970).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Rizzo, G.E. Monete greche della Sicilia. (Rome, 1946).
Salinas, A. Le monete delle antiche città di Sicilia descritte e illustrate da Antonino Salinas. (Palermo, 1871).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 1: Italy - Sicily. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 5: Sikelia. (Berlin, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily - Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume X, John Morcom Collection. (Oxford, 1995).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 4: Sicily 2 (Galaria - Styella). (New York, 1977).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 28, 2017.
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Gela