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Other and Uncertain Byzantine Mints
At least 15 Byzantine mints were operational during Justinian's long reign and re-conquests of Italy, Spain and North Africa, including new mints at Constantine in Numidia, Perugia in Umbria, Salona in Dalmatia, and Carthagena in Spain. Alexandretta (Iskenderun, Turkey today) was used as a mint by Heraclius during his revolt against Phocas (609 - 610) but was closed once he controlled Constantinople. Jerusalem opened briefly about 609 - 615. Heraclius also opened Seleucia, Isaura and Constantia in Cyprus. Constans II (641 - 668) opened a mint at Naples. Carthagena fell to the Visagoths about 620 and although some new mints opened in the following centuries the tide had turned against the empire. Later mints included Sardina, Magnesia, and possibly Philippopolis, and Corinth.
of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine , c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.
Possibly a provincial mint issue.BZ77223. Bronze , of Christ, class A3; 1818; ornaments 32, gF, nice dark blue-green , , strike a little soft, small encrustations, 9.569 g, maximum 29.3 mm, 180o, provincial(?) mint, c. 1023 - 11 Nov 1028 A.D.; + EMMANOVHL, facing of Christ, and , holding gospels with both , to left IC, to right XC; and Gospels ornamented with crosses; + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Jesus Christ of Kings), above and below ; $210.00 (Ä186.90)
Empire of Nicaea, Theodore I Komnenos Laskaris, c. 1204 - November 1221 A.D.
Magnesia ad Sipylum (modern Manisa, Turkey) was located in about 65 km northeast of Smyrna (now ) on the river Hermus (now Gediz) at the foot of Mount Sipylus. The city should not be confused with Magnesia on the Maeander, both founded by from the Greek region of Magnesia. The first famous mention of the city is in 190 B.C., when Antiochus the Great was defeated in the battle of Magnesia by the Roman consul Cornelius Asiaticus. It became a city of importance under Roman rule and, though nearly destroyed by an earthquake in the reign of , was by that emperor and flourished. It was an important regional center through the . During the 13th century interregnum of the Empire of Nicaea, Magnesia housed the Imperial mint, the Imperial treasury, and served as the functional capital of the Empire until the recovery of Constantinople in 1261. Magnesia was one of the few towns in this of Anatolia which remained prosperous under the Turkish rule.BZ76758. aspron , , 2, 8; 189; 2068; pl. 31, 8; 69.4; -; -, aF, 2.910 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 180o, Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, c. 1204 - Nov 1221 A.D.; EMMA-NYHΛ, of Christ facing, beardless, scroll in left hand, five pellets in each limb of , (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking across ; ΘEO∆WPOC - O - ΘEO∆WPOC, Theodore and St. Theodore standing facing, each with outer hand on sheathed sword and inner hand holding set on three steps between them; Emperor wears , divitsion, and ; Saint wears short military tunic, breastplate and ; this is the first example of this handled by ; ; $65.00 (Ä57.85)
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