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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Byzantine Mints| ▸ |Syracuse||View Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Syracuse (c. 540 - 878)

Justinian I struck coins in Sicily, most likely at Syracuse beginning in the 540's. The Syracuse mint remained operational until the city was captured by the Arabs in 878.


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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After Leo III, 717-741 A.D., the semissis and tremissis were issued only in small quantities and normally only on particular occasions for ceremonial distribution.
SH10988. Gold semissis, SBCV 1674; DOC III part 1, 26c, Morrisson BnF 8-10, EF, weight 1.749 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 135o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; obverse ΘEOFIΛOS, crowned bust of Theophilus facing with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger; reverse similar to obverse, but emperor wears loros instead of chlamys; ex Edward J. Waddell; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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In 832, Theophilus banned the usage of icons, establishing strict punishments.
SH83905. Gold solidus, Anastasi 530d; DOC III part 1, 24; Wroth BMC 31; Tolstoi 10; Sommer 31.8; Morrisson BnF 32/Sy/Av/1 ff.; SBCV 1670; Ratto -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, double struck, die wear, weight 3.495 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, c. 831 - 842 A.D.; obverse ΘEO-FILOS, bearded bust facing, wearing crown with cross on triangle and chlamys, cross potent in right hand; reverse ΘE-OFILOS, bearded bust facing, wearing crown with cross on triangle and loros, globus cruciger in right hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Harlan Berk; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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Most references date this type to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) Anastasi identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).

Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.
SH83908. Gold solidus, DOC III part 1, 15a; Anastasi 515c; Wroth BMC 11; Tolstoi 13; SBCV 1646; Sommer 30.6; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, VF, slightly irregular tight flan, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; obverse MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing bust of Michael, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing bust of Theophilus, wearing loros and crown with cross, cross potent in right hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 663, Constans II invaded southern Italy.
SH68095. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204; SBCV 1110; DOC II part 2, 181; Hahn MIB 210; Morrisson BnF 9; Wroth BMC 362; Tolstoi 374; Ratto 1638, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, weight 5.242 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverse Constans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram above, SCL in exergue; overstruck on a trimmed older coin, no indication of undertype; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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After Leo III, 717-741 A.D., the semissis and tremissis were issued only in small quantities and normally only on particular occasions for ceremonial distribution.
BZ06186. Gold semissis, DOC III part 1, 19; Wroth BMC 34; Tolstoi 14; Ratto -; Morrisson BnF 6-7; SBCV 1676, gem EF, a near perfect example of this scarce issue - bold, sharp, fantastic centering and mint luster, weight 1.800 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; obverse * ΘEOFILOS b A, crowned bust of Theophilus facing with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger; reverse similar to obverse, but emperor wears loros instead of chlamys and without star preceding legend; from the Woolslayer Collection; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine IV, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH06202. Bronze follis, Anastasi 244, DOC II 61, Berk 741, Hahn 106, SBCV 1208, EF, superior to all examples of this type known to Forum, thin reverse die crack, weight 5.53 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 668 - 681 A.D.; obverse diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, beardless, spear in right, shield on left ornamented with horseman; reverse M between Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius, each stands wearing a crown with cross and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger, monogram above, SCL in exergue; from the Woolslayer Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon and the Third Democracy, c. 344 - 317 B.C.

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Threatened by Carthage and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for help to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for Sicily with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled Carthage in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of Syracuse erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.
GI86586. Silver dilitron, SNG ANS 518; SNG Cop 717; SNG MŁnchen 1126; BMC Sicily p. 186, 283; Weber 1644; HGC 2 1373 (R2), VF, well centered, very dark toning, porosity, edge crack, weight 1.226 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, c. 344 - 317 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣI-ΩN, laureate Janiform female head, two dolphins nose to nose on right; reverse horse galloping right, barley ear right above, N below; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In DOC II, Grierson notes this type is "unusually varied in weight, some of them being struck on very light and irregularly shaped flans."
SH65609. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204; SBCV 1110; DOC II part 2, 181; Hahn MIB 210; Morrisson BnF 9; Wroth BMC 362; Tolstoi 374; Ratto 1638, EF, superb for the type, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverse Constans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram above, SCL in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Anastasi refers to Vecchi Nummorum Auctiones 6. Beyond these two examples, this type appears to be unpublished.
BZ43065. Bronze follis, Anastasi 211bis (this coin), Vecchi Nummorum Auctiones 6, SBCV -, DOC -, gVF, weight 2.382 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 663 - 668 A.D.; obverse Constans (on left) and Constantine IV standing facing; Constans with long beard, wears military attire, long cross in right, Gospels in left; his son wears chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, SCL in exergue; flanked by Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius standing facing, both beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, and each holding globus cruciger in right; ex Anastasi Collection and his plate coin; extremely rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Tiberius III Apsimar, Late 698 - Summer 705 A.D.

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All coins of Tiberius III are scarce or rare.

After the Arabs took Carthage, the disgruntled army declared Tiberius emperor. He mutilated Leontius (the previous emperor), cutting off his nose, just as Leontius had done to Justinian II. After Justinian II attacked and regained his throne, both Leontius and Tiberius were beheaded.
BZ82678. Bronze follis, Anastasi 341; DOC II part 1, 33; Wroth BMC 18; MIB 80; SBCV 1396, aVF, red and green patina, well centered on a ragged flan, weight 2.651 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, late 698 - summer 705 A.D.; obverse Tiberius III standing facing, wearing crown with pendilia, and long tunic, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two crosses, Tiberius' monogram above, star below, SCL in exergue; rare; SOLD




  




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Catalog current as of Monday, November 11, 2019.
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Byzantine Syracuse