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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Samosata||View Options:  |  |  |   

Samosata, Commagene, Syria (Adiyman Province, Turkey)

Samosata was an ancient city on the right (west) bank of the Euphrates whose ruins existed at the modern city of Samsat, Adiyaman Province, Turkey until the site was flooded by the newly constructed Atatürk Dam. The founder of the city was Sames, a Satrap of Commagene who made it his capital. The city was sometimes called Antiochia in Commagene and served as the capital for the Hellenistic Kingdom of Commagene from c. 160 BC until it was surrendered to Rome in 72. A civil metropolis from the days of Emperor Hadrian, Samosata was the home of the Legio VI Ferrata and later Legio XVI Flavia Firma, and the terminus of several military roads. Seven Christian martyrs were crucified in 297 in Samosata for refusing to perform a pagan rite in celebration of the victory of Maximian over the Sassanids. It was at Samosata that Julian II had ships made in his expedition against Sapor, and it was a natural crossing-place in the struggle between Heraclius and Chosroes in the 7th century. Imperial mint dates of operation: c. 253 - 258 A.D. Mintmarks: none.


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RA85667. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1735f, RSC IV 8, RIC V-2 6, SRCV III 10823, Hunter IV - (p. lxxvi), Choice gVF, full circles strike, light marks, reverse center slightly weak, weight 4.802 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter seated left, patera in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle at feet on left; ex Vittorio Terrenghi Collection; Finarte auction 972 (Milan, 28 Mar 1996), lot 475; ex Glending's sale, London, 25 Mar 1957 (from a find in Spain); rare; SOLD


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

During the Early Middle Ages, the population fell to a mere 20,000, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation.
SH09123. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1739f, RSC IV 11b, RIC V-2 9 (R2), SRCV III 10827, Hunter IV 3 var. (star left), VF, attractive sandy green patina, weight 5.27 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), Roma seated left on shield, Victory in right hand offering wreath, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, star left, two dots in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

During the Early Middle Ages, the population fell to a mere 20,000, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation.
RA83949. Silvered antoninianus, MIR 1738b, RSC IV 11, Hunter IV 5, RIC V-2 11 (R2), SRCV III 10807, Choice aEF, perfect centering on a broad flan, toned, porous, slight die wear, weight 4.304 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), Roma, helmeted, seated left on shield, Victory in extended right, spear in left, two pellets in exergue; ex Leu Numismatik, web auction 3 (25 Feb 2018), lot 1015; rare; SOLD


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
SH70597. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1727f, RSC IV 1d, RIC V-2 2 (R), Hunter IV 1, SRCV III 10818, VF, weight 3.388 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVTAS AVGG (sic), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; rare; SOLD


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

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Samosata was the walled capital of the Commagene Kingdom founded in 69 B.C. The town remained a regional center under Rome, and until the Ottoman period. The old town of Samsat and all its history were flooded behind the Atatürk Dam in 1989. The new town was built beside the new waterline by the government to house the displaced residents.
SH70589. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1728n, RSC IV 4a, RIC V-2 3 (R2), SRCV III 10819, Hunter IV - (p. lxxvi), VF, porous, weight 3.628 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse APOLINI CONSERVA (to Apollo the protector), Apollo standing left, radiate, nude but for cloak on shoulders and draped behind, branch downward in right, left rests on grounded lyre, star upper left; rare; SOLD


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

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Indulgentia is the personification of clemency, leniency, grace, or favor. This coin may refer to some specific permission or clemency given, or some privilege bestowed by the emperor.
SH57025. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1732f, RSC IV 6b, RIC V-2 5 (R2), Hunter IV 2, SRCV III 10821, F, weight 2.671 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse INDVLGENTIAE AVG, Indulgentia seated left on throne, patera in extended right hand, short scepter transverse in left hand; rare; SOLD


Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D.

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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RA63685. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1694b, RIC V-1 49, RSC IV 67, SRCV III 10735, gVF, well centered on a broad flan, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Samosata (Adiyman Province. Turkey) mint, 256 - 258 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS NOBIL CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENTVTIS (Prince of Youth), Valerian standing facing, crowning trophy of captured arms to left with wreath in his right, spear in his left, shield on ground behind; scarce; SOLD


Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D.

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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RA81207. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1694b, RIC V-1 49, RSC IV 67, SRCV III 10735, Choice gVF, weight 3.435 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Syrian (Samosata?) mint, 256 - 258 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS NOBIL CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENTVTIS (Prince of Youth), Valerian, shield on ground and spear in left, crowning trophy of captured arms with right; scarce; SOLD


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

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The MARTI PROPVGNATORI Antoniniani is the rarest Antoniniani type issued by Quietus.
SH01634. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1737n, RSC IV 9, RIC V-2 7 (R3), SRCV III 10825, Hunter IV - (p. lxxvi), aF, chipped, weight 3.4 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVETVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI PROPVGNATORI (to Mars the defender), Mars walding right holding spear in right hand, shield in left; very rare; SOLD


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RA86673. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1684m (Samosata), RSC IV 792b (Antioch), Hunter IV J68 (uncertain Eastern), RIC V-1 J447 (Asia), SRCV III 10312 (uncertain Syrian), EF, white metal, mint luster, areas of light porosity, weight 3.925 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, 256 - 258 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Valerian and Gallienus standing confronting each other, facing center, sacrificing at flaming altar in center, togate, on left holding eagle-tipped scepter, on right hand on parazonium on left side; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; SOLD




  




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Catalog current as of Monday, October 14, 2019.
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Samosata