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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |History| ▸ |Diodochi||View Options:  |  |  |   

The Diadochi - Successors of Alexander

Alexander the Great, undefeated in battle and one of the greatest military commanders of all time, through conquest created one of the largest empires in ancient history. He died, unexpectedly, at only 32 years of age. After a night of heavy drinking which continued into the following day, he developed a fever, which grew steadily worse until he died 12 days later, on 10 or 11 June 323 B.C. According to Diodorus, when Alexander was on his deathbed, his companions asked to whom he bequeathed his kingdom; his laconic reply was, "to the strongest."

The Diadochi (from the Greek diadoxoi = successors) were the strongest, the men in power that controlled and fought over Alexander's Empire following his unexpected death. The struggle would be ruthless and began almost immediatly. Alexander's family and his military leaders split the empire, and the quarreling, murder, and war lasted for decades, for as long as the Diadochi lived. Even after their deaths, their descendants, the Seleucid and Ptolemaic kings continued sporadic fighting until the 2nd Century B.C. In the end, only the Pax Romana would end the violent struggles of Alexander's successors.


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Thompson notes that Lampsacus was Lysimachos largest mint in Asia Minor, with approximately 150 known obverse dies. Output from Lampsacus declined when Amphipolis began its extensive coinage c. 288 B.C.
SH24648. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson 47, Müller 401, superb EF, weight 16.854 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 286 - 281 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name, HP monogram inner left, crescent in exergue; fabulous style and high relief portrait; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH48867. Gold stater, Müller 162; SNG Cop 1086 ff. var. (monogram), EF, weight 8.544 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, posthumous, c. 250 - 150 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right, resting left elbow on shield, monogram inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue ornamented with two small dolphins; extraordinary mint luster, high relief, nice style, fantastic coin!; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH09059. Gold stater, Thompson 164, EF, weight 8.50 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesus mint, posthumous, 305 - 297 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, resting elbow on shield and holding Victory, bee and E-Φ in left field; struck with beautiful dies, mint luster!; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 280 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit

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Superb ancient counterfeit with intact plating and of finest style.
SH24647. Fouree silver plated tetradrachm, cf. Houghton-Lorber I 173 (official Susa mint), combining monograms of 173.14 and 173.16, Choice EF, weight 14.724 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, illegal mint, after 305 B.C.; obverse bust of Alexander or Seleukos wearing helmet covered with panther skin and adorned with horns and ears of bull; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Nike with spread wings, standing right, crowning trophy with wreath, AX and ΠA control-marks across lower field; ex Gorny&Mosch 141, lot 161; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
SH50027. Gold stater, apparently unpublished, cf. Seyrig Calcédoine," pl. 23, 7 - 8; Müller -, Thompson -, SNG Berry -, VF, weight 8.472 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right, resting left elbow on shield, monogram left, plain trident below; light scratch on jaw; rare; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

Unpublished in all the principal references.
SH10949. Gold stater, unpublished, Price -, Hersh -, Thompson -, Müller -, gVF, weight 8.53 g, maximum diameter 18.71 mm, die axis 180o, Abydus(?) in the Troad mint, 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a snake, hair in long curls down back of neck and visible before ear; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Nike standing left holding wreath in extended right hand and grounded vertical stylis in left ater her side, MH monogram above club left; nice luster in recessed areas; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
SH08281. Gold stater, Price 193, VF, weight 8.47 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Mesopotamia, Babylon (Hillah, Iraq) mint, obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a griffin; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Nike standing left holding wreath and ship's mast, monogram at feet left, wheel in left field; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed"), 317 - 312 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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When Alexander's empire was divided, his general Seleucus received the satrapy of Babylonia. From about 317 to about 311 B.C., however, Antigonus I Monophthalmus (The "One-Eyed") took over as ruler of all Mesopotamia. Seleucus took refuge with Ptolemy of Egypt and with his aid was able to reenter Babylon in 312 B.C. In 306 Antigonus became the first of the Macedonian generals to take the royal title. In 301 he was defeated and killed by the combined armies of Seleucus and Lysimachus.
SH12090. Gold stater, Price 3707, EF, weight 8.553 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 45o, Mesopotamia, Babylon (Hillah, Iraq) mint, 317 - 311 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a griffin; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left holding wreath and ship's mast, H under left wing, MEP monogram in wreath under right; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, c. 200 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

SH13366. Silver tetradrachm, Müller 543, Thompson 201, SGCV II 6814 var., gem aEF, weight 17.098 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 195 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name in right, magistrates monogram inner left, BY on throne; extraordinary!; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, c. 320 - 316 B.C., Struck by Satrap Seleucus Nikator

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Susa, the Biblical Shushan, is one of man's oldest cities. People were living at the acropolis by 5000 B.C. and urban structures date from about 4000 B.C. Susa was the capital of Elam and a favorite residence of the Persian king Darius I the Great. Seleucus I annexed Susa to his province c. 311 B.C. A Parthian winter capital, Trajan captured it, making it the easternmost point of the Roman Empire at its apex. He was, however, soon forced to withdraw. In 1218, the city was completely destroyed by invading Mongols. The modern town of Shush, Iran is located at the site of ancient Susa.
SH10698. Gold stater, Price 3844, gVF, weight 8.47 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 135o, Susa (Shush, Iran) mint, posthumous, c. 320 - c. 316 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a griffin; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left holding wreath and ship's mast, ΛA left, monogram right; rare; SOLD




  




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The Diodochi

Phillip III Arrhidaeus Ptolemy I Soter Seleukos I Nikator Demetrios Poliorketes Lysimachos
Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019.
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Diodochi