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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Greece| ▸ |Crete||View Options:  |  |  |   

Crete

Knossos, Crete, c. 330 - 300 B

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SH35118. Silver drachm, BMC Crete p. 21, 26; SNG Cop 374, Fair, rough cleaning, weight 3.172 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Knossos mint, obverse head of Hera left, wearing stephane; reverse square labyrinth with entrance; rare; SOLD


Gortyna, Crete, c. 200 - 67 B.C.

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GS12272. Silver drachm, BMC Peloponnesus 54 var., SNG Cop -, Svoronos Crète 143 var.,, VF, weight 4.162 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Gortyna mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus or Minos left; reverse ΓOPTYNIΩ−N, warrior standing left, spear in left, resting right hand on shield set on ground; flan crack, reverse strike flaws; rare; SOLD


Kydonia, Crete, c. 320 - 270 B.C.

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Kydonia or Cydonia was on the northwest coast of the island of Crete, at the site of the modern Greek city of Chania. In legend Kydonia was founded by King Cydon, a son of Hermes and of Akakallis, the daughter of King Minos. Cydonians are mentioned in book 12 of the Aeneid, where their excellent bow skills are used in an extended Virgilian simile describing the Fury's descent to Juturna.
SH56742. Silver diobol, SNG Lockett 2548, Dewing 2000, Robinson Pseudoaeginetica 48, SNG Cop -, Svoronos Crete -, VF, toned, weight 1.497 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, Kydonia (Chania, Crete, Greece) mint, c. 320 - 270 B.C.; obverse head of Nymph Kydonia left; reverse raised linear skew design (quartered square, one quarter bisected diagonally), imitating an archaic incuse; scarce; SOLD


Claudius and Messalina, 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos, Crete

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Messalina was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia. They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while Claudius was away in Ostia, even though she was married to the emperor, Messalina married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and Messalina driven to suicide.
SH74280. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1001 (rev legend ending IIVIR) or 1002, Svoronos Crete 214 corr. (IIVIR) or 212, SNG Cop -, BMC Crete -, aVF, crowded irregular flan, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Knossos mint, Duumviri Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, bare head of Claudius left; reverse VALERIA MESSALINA [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE IIVIR] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of legend off flan), draped bust of Messalina right; extremely rare; SOLD


Phaistos, Crete, c. 320 - 270 B.C.

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Phaistos has been inhabited since 4000 B.C. In Greek mythology, Talos (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily.
GB38685. Bronze AE 18, Svoronos Crète 74; SNG Cop 520; BMC Crete p. 64, 27 - 28, F, weight 3.879 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 270o, Phaistos mint, c. 320 - 270 B.C.; obverse Talos advancing right, nude, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left; reverse hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in exergue; rare; SOLD


Caligula and Germanicus, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Knossos, Crete

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SH35133. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 996; Svoronos Crète 204, VF, weight 6.620 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Knossos mint, obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, laureate head of Caligula right; reverse GERM CAESAR PVLCHRO III VARIO IIVIR, laureate head of Germanicus right; SOLD


Gortyna, Crete, 4th Century B.C.

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Gortyna in the southern part of central Crete, rivaled Cnossus in wealth and importance. A Gortynian decree of the third or second century B.C. required, under a penalty, the use of "the bronze money which the city has put in circulation," and established a fine to be paid by any one who "accepts in payment silver obols."
GS77556. Silver drachm, Svoronos Crete p. 161, 32, pl. XIII, 6; McClean II 7111; SNG Cop -; BMC Crete -; Seager -; Weber -, aVF, overstruck, weight 5.102 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, Gortyna mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse head and neck of bull right, head turned slightly facing, round object to right from undertype; reverse head Persephone right, wearing wreath of grain and cross-folded taenia, rosette-shaped ear ornament and necklace, part of dotted square border from undertype, concave field; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 233 (6 Oct 2015), part of lot 3109; SOLD


Claudius and Messalina, 25 January 41 - 48 A.D., Polyrhenium, Crete

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Messallina was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia. They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while Claudius was away in Ostia, even though she was married to the emperor, Messallina married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and Messallina driven to suicide.
RP16601. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1032, aF, weight 4.170 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Polyrhenium mint, obverse head of Claudius left; reverse MEΣΣA [...], diademed head of Messalina right; after nearly 10 years in business, this is the first coin of Messalina handled by FORVM; SOLD


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Crete

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SH17138. Bronze AE 19, cf. RPC II 2814 (Uncertain, Pegasus standing left), F, weight 4.004 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Cretan mint, obverse laureate head right; reverse Pegasos standing right; brown and green patina; very rare; SOLD


Phaistos, Crete, c. 3rd Century B.C.

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In Greek mythology, Talos (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily. The author of Bibliotheke thought Talos' bronze nature might indicate he was a survivor from Hesiod's mythical Age of Bronze. The satirist Lucian took this absurd notion that men of Hesiod's Age of Bronze were actually made of bronze and, for humorous effect, extended it to men of the Age of Gold.
GB85359. Bronze AE 17, Svoronos Crète 74; SNG Cop 520; BMC Crete p. 64, 27-28, F, a little rough, weight 3.702 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 225o, Phaistos mint, c. 3rd century B.C.; obverse Talos advancing right, nude, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left hand; reverse hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in exergue; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Ashton, R. "Rhodian-Type Silver Coinages from Crete" in SM 146 (May 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fizwilliam Museum, Vol. II. The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Holloway R. "An Archaic Hoard from Crete and the Early Aeginetan Coinage" in ANSMN 17 (1971).
Jameson, R. Collection R. Jameson. Monnaies grecques antiques. (Paris, 1913-1932).
Le Rider, G. Monnaies Crétoises du V au I Siécle av J.C. (Paris, 1966).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Papageorgiadou-Banis, C. The Coinage of Kea. (Athens, 1997).
Robinson, E. "Pseudoaeginetica" in NC 1928.
Seager, R. "A Cretan Coin Hoard" in ANSNNM 23 (New York, 1924).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Stefanaki, V. "Le monnayage de bronze de Viannos et de Malla en Crète orientale" in Kermatia Philias (Athens, 2009).
Svoronos, J. Numismatique de la Crète ancienne. (Paris, 1890).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume III, R.C. Lockett Collection. (London, 1938 - 1949).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Crete and the Aegean Islands. (London, 1886).
Wroth, W. "Cretan Coins" in NC 1884, pp. 1-58.

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 22, 2019.
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Crete