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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ViminaciumView Options:  |  |  | 

Viminacium, Moesia Superior (near Stari Kostolac, Serbia)

Viminacium, a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. and the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, was located about 20 km to the east of modern Kostolac, Serbia. Coins are known of the emperors from Gordianus Pius with dates AN I, Anno Primo, (year 1, autumn 239 - autumn 240 A.D.) to Valerian and Gallienus AN XVI, Anno Sexto Decimo, (year 16, autumn 254 - autumn 255 A.D.). The usual reverse legend on the colonial coinage is P. M. S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual reverse type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull, and sometimes holding standards inscribed VII and IIII. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII Claudia and IV Flavia Felix, which were quartered in the province. The rebel Pacatian opened his mint at Viminacium in 248. Valerian also opened an imperial mint at Viminacium. The city was destroyed in 440 by the Huns, rebuilt by Justinian I, and destroyed again by the Avars in 584.

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS56869. Silver antoninianus, RIC V-1 241, RSC IV 71, VF, flat centers, weight 3.594 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 30o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing half-left holding standard and Aquila; good silver, handsome portrait, well centered, nice toning; SOLD

Valerian II, Caesar Early 256 - 258 A.D.

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RA65664. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 862b, RSC IV 45, RIC V-1 19 (Rome), cf. SRCV III 10733 (Rome, obv leg, etc.), F, coppery spots, edge cracks, weight 2.756 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, obverse P LIC VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: aspergillum (sprinkler), simpulum (ladle), ewer (jug), secespita (knife), and lituus (augur's wand); scarce; SOLD

Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D.

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The infant Jupiter was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.
RA65659. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 860b, cf. SRCV III 10732 (Rome), RIC V-1 13 (Rome), RSC IV 29, aF, weight 3.401 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 2nd emission, 256 - 257 A.D.; obverse P LIC VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right; reverse IOVI CRESCENTI, child Jupiter riding right on goat, looking back, raising right hand; scarce; SOLD


Catalog current as of Sunday, December 9, 2018.
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