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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Emesa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Emesa, Syria

Emesa, an important city of Syria rose even further under Septimius Severus since his wife Julia Doman originated from this city. The bulk of the coinage consists in denarii struck for the above couple (193 - 211), plus the very rare issues of the usurper Uranius Antoninus (253 - 254). The extremely rare coinage of queen Zenobia (272) might have been struck at Emesa as well.


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Emesa frequently copied old coin reverse types. Sometimes they even copied old inscriptions listing honors that applied, not to the current emperor, but to the long dead emperor who issued the copied type. The normal Severan crescent and seven stars reverse has the legend SAECVL FELICIT (era of happy good fortune). Only a few Severan examples are known with this AETERNITAS AVS legend, copied from Pescennius Niger. We know of one example for Julia Domna, two for Severus with a COS obverse legend, and this coin with a COS II obverse. This coin is unpublished and, to the best of our knowledge, unique
SH59264. Silver denarius, Unpublished and likely unique; RIC IV -, RSC III -, BMCRE V -, Mazzini -; Hunter -, aVF/VF, light toning, weight 2.648 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse AETERNITAS AVS , crescent and seven stars; extremely rare; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.
SH32678. Silver denarius, unpublished in major references, RSC III -, RIC IV -, BMCRE V -, SRCV II -, EF, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse FORT AVG, Fortuna seated left on throne without back, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; extremely rare; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.
SH32680. Silver denarius, unpublished in major references, RSC III -, RIC IV -, BMCRE V -, SRCV II -, VF, weight 2.942 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 45o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, obverse IVLA DOMNA AVG (sic), draped bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta seated left on throne without back, polos or kalathos on head, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; extremely rare; SOLD


Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

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David Sear attributes this rare variant with crude style and two dots in the exergue to Emesa. Gbl attributes it to Samosata.
SH66262. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1741c, SRCV III 10810 (refs Hunter p. lxxv); RIC V-2 12 (R2) var. (no pellets in ex, sometimes a star, Antioch), RSC IV 12 - 12a var. (same), aEF, weight 3.321 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa(?) or Samosata(?) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, two dots in exergue; rare; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Bonus Eventus, the god of good outcomes, was originally worshiped by the Romans as a deity especially presiding over agriculture and successful harvests. During the Imperial era, he was associated with other types of success. The epithet Bonus, "the Good," is used with other abstract deities such as Bona Fortuna ("Good Fortune"), Bona Mens ("Good Thinking" or "Sound Mind"), and Bona Spes ("Good Hope," perhaps to be translated as "optimism"), as well as with the mysterious and multivalent Bona Dea, a goddess whose rites were celebrated by women.
RS57075. Silver denarius, RIC IV 369 var., RSC III 68 var. (engraver's error: the obverse legend is lacking the L), gVF, weight 2.731 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE [L] SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left, basket of fruit in right, two heads of grain in left; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Bonus Eventus, the god of good outcomes, was originally worshiped by the Romans as a deity especially presiding over agriculture and successful harvests. During the Imperial era, he was associated with other types of success. The epithet Bonus, "the Good," is used with other abstract deities such as Bona Fortuna ("Good Fortune"), Bona Mens ("Good Thinking" or "Sound Mind"), and Bona Spes ("Good Hope," perhaps to be translated as "optimism"), as well as with the mysterious and multivalent Bona Dea, a goddess whose rites were celebrated by women.
RS68070. Silver denarius, RIC IV 369, RSC III 68, BMCRE V 343, SRCV II 6267, aEF, well centered, weight 3.081 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left, basket of fruit in right, two heads of grain in left; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Not listed in RIC or BMC!
RS11437. Silver denarius, RSC III 334a, RIC IV -, BMCRE V -, aEF, weight 3.140 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 193 - 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, laureate head right; reverse MONET AVG, Moneta seated left holding scales and cornucopia; uncleaned, toned, well centered and struck; very rare; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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A very rare variant of the common Victory walking left on exergual line. We have found the type on Doug Smith's Septimius Emesa page, struck from the same reverse die. Mr. Smith notes: "I have not seen another specimen like this."
RS20843. Silver denarius, RIC IV 424 (S) var. (line vice globe); BMCRE V p. 98, W395 and pl. 17, 4 var. (same); RSC III 675a var. (same); Hunter III -, SRCV II -, VF, slightly irregular flan, reverse flatly struck, weight 2.054 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse VICT AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory standing left on globe, wreath in right and palm in left; extremely rare; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.
SH47755. Silver denarius, RIC IV S627 var. (spelling), SRCV II 6591 var. (same), VF, weight 2.628 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing slightly left, polos or kalathos on head, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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The crescent with horns up may represent a solar eclipse.
RS90424. Silver denarius, RIC IV 417, RSC III 628a, BMCRE V 390 - 391, VF, well centered, obverse legends weak, die wear, weight 2.451 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse SAECVL FELICIT (age of good fortune), seven stars above and within a crescent with horns up; scarce; SOLD




  




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