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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Ticinum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ticinum (Pavia), Italy

Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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A very rare, fine style bust type, unlisted in RIC, and only known from two other coins: a die match listed by Bastien, and a different die with different obverse legend in the Philippe Gysen collection.
SH30384. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 435 var. (bust type not listed in RIC); obverse die match illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11, aEF, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate bust left, wearing cuirass, aegis on chest, Victory in right hand; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, Victory presenting wreath extended in right, leaning on spear and grounded shield with left, QXXT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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On the Forum Ancient Coins Discussion Board, Sylviane Estiot wrote that she knew of 13 examples of this type, nine from the 5th officina. Yes, the consignor is asking a lot for this coin! Rare Probus antoniniani in exceptional condition often do achieve this price level at auction. Better in hand than we can capture in a photograph.
RA76274. Billon antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 63; Cohen VI 51; RIC V-2 -; Venèra -; Hunter IV -; SRCV III -, Choice EF, sharp, full circles centering, high points coppery, small spots of encrustation and light corrosion, weight 3.842 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse ADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand, long scepter in left hand; captive before horse on left, seated left with hands bound behind back; VXXT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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This type with a radiate head is unlisted in RIC VII but p. 379, 135, notes that Alföldi recorded the radiate head in RIN 1921, p. 118; citing a specimen in the Trau Collection with a PT mintmark (first officina), and another in the Gerin Collection with a TT mintmark (third officina). The note goes on to say the radiate bust type should be expected since the other rulers have parallel bust types in the issue, one of which is radiate. We know of eight total specimens of this type, but the Trau Collection coin is the only other first officina example known to Forum.
RL84331. Billon centenionalis, Alföldi RIN 1921, p. 118 (citing the Trau collection); RIC VII Ticinum 134 var. (laureate head, radiate head noted on p. 379), Choice EF, excellent bold and well-centered strike, attractive green patina, a few light marks, weight 2.947 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, radiate head right; reverse DOMINORVM NOSTRORVM CAESS, VOT * V in two lines, the star in center, all within wreath tied at the bottom, PT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

Rome's influence on Western Civilization can hardly be overestimated. In sum, Rome has perhaps had greater influence than any other city on earth, making important contributions to politics, literature, culture, the arts, architecture, music, religion, education, fashion, cinema and cuisine.
RA76282. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 411; Pink VI-1, p. 63; Cohen VI 561 var. (bust); Maravielle -; Hunter III -; SRCV III -, EF, fantastic and very rare bust, sharp, most silvering remains, porosity, die crack in exergue, weight 3.586 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner in on left shoulder; reverse ROMAE AETER (eternal Rome), six column temple, statue of Roma seated facing within holding Victory in right hand and scepter in left, VXXT in exergue; very rare ; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA76278. Billon antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 63; RIC V-2 445 (R) var. (cuirass); Cohen VI 810 var. (same); Hunter IV 135 var. (same, obv legend); SRCV III 12059 (same), Choice EF, fantastic heroic bust, unusual obverse legend, excellent centering, most silvering remains, some light corrosion, weight 3.359 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI INVICTI AVG, radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner on left shoulder; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, Victory offering wreath in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, spear leaning against left forearm, QXXT in exergue; SOLD


Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA71640. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 81, Cohen VI 78, La Venèra 4043, Venèra IV 252 (4 specimens), Hunter IV 15 var. (bust), SRCV III 12180 var. (obv. legend, late 282 A.D.), Choice EF, full circles strike, much silvering, very light porosity/corrosion, weight 4.469 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. Mar - Jun 283; obverse IMP C M AVR KARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, raising flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton behind with left, SXXI in exergue; rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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SH30385. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 351 var. (bust type), gVF, weight 3.752 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing right, head left, raising hand, globe in left hand, TXXT in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RT83498. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 55a, Cohen VII 44, SRCV IV 14170, VF, well centered and struck, weight 8.300 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 305 A.D.; obverse IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides seated left, standard in each hand, TT in exergue; SOLD


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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In 276, Marcus Annius Florianus defeated the Goths and Alans who had invaded Asia Minor. After Tacitus was murdered or died of illness in June 276, Florianus was made emperor. After holding power only for some weeks, Florianus was assassinated by his own troops. Probus, age 44, was proclaimed the new Emperor of Rome.
RA86758. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3448 (65 spec.), RIC V-1 163, BnF XII 1706, Gloucester 741, La Venèra 1950 - 1977, Ciron IV 398, Choice EF, excellent portrait, full circles strike, near full silvering, tiny deposits, weight 3.931 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum mint, issue 2, early - Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRIT PERP (everlasting security), Securitas standing facing, head left, legs crossed, right hand on head, left forearm resting on column, VI (6th officina) in exergue; ex Kirk Davis List 48 (Nov 2005); SOLD


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA86761. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3366 (9 spec.), RIC V-1 145, La Venèra 1304 - 1306, Cohen VI 60, SRCV V 11784, Choice EF, superb portrait, well centered on a broad flan, toning over intact silvering, weight 3.788 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum mint, 1st issue, Nov - Dec 275; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; SOLD




  




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Ticinum