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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Arelatum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Although Eastern Solidi of Julian II seem fairly common, the Western issues are quite scarce and this type from Arles is very rare. Zeus' eagle in the right field has been interpreted to indicate pagan influence at the Arelatum mint.
SH86350. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Arles 303 (R2), Depeyrot EMA 145/1, Cohen VIII 75, SRCV V 19097, Hunter V -, aVF, clipped flan, graffiti obverse right field, bumps and scratches, die break reverse lower left, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 360 - 363 A.D.; obverse FL CL IVLIANVS P P AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse VIRTVS EXERC GALL (the courage of the Roman army in Gaul), soldier (Julian?) advancing right, helmeted and wearing military garb, head left, right hand on the head of a bound captive on one knee, trophy of arms in left hand across left shoulder; eagle right in right field, looking left, wreath in beak; KONSTAN (Constantia, TAN ligate) in exergue; ex iNumis auction 20 May 2010 (€1740 including fees); very rare; SOLD


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The name and the image of the sun god were frequently displayed on the coins of Rome. Apollo, in particular, was the object of homage in those dreadful times when the spread of plague depopulated the empire. But in the period when paganism was falling to the spread of Christianity, the emperors invoked the sun god Sol more than ever. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Saint Augustine found it necessary to preach against them.
SH28350. Billon follis, RIC VII Arles -, gVF, weight 3.553 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 315 - 316 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate consular bust left, globe in right and eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, S F at sides, SARL in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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SH15382. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Arles 238, attractive aVF, weight 4.000 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 355 - 360 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS PERP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath with VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines, */KONSTAN (Constantia) in exergue (TAN in monogram); graffiti in obverse fields, graffiti on the right may be a standard with the ensign marked X or XX; rare (R3); SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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SH08021. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Arles 234, aEF, weight 4.44 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 355 - 360 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS PERP AVG, helmeted and diademed facing bust holding speara cross shoulder and shield; reverse GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath containing VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines; palm branch in center, KONSTAN (Constantia) in exergue (TAN in monogram); two nicks on obverse; very rare (R2); SOLD


Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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SH00343. Copper half centenionalis, RIC IX Arelate 29(b)1 (S), LRBC II 561, SRCV V 20674, Cohen VIII 3, gVF, weight 1.00 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N LF (letters reversed, normally FL) VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, camp gate with star between two turrets, PCON (Constantia) in exergue; rare; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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VOTIS V MVLTIS X means Votis Quinquennalibus Multis Decennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this inscription would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the fifth anniversary of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might help him achieve his tenth anniversary, but Julian only ruled for three years. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this date as the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's "fifth anniversary" of reign began in 360.
SL89817. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Arles 295, RSC V 161†, Hunter V 18, SRCV V 19132, NGC XF, strike 4/5, surface 4/5 (3483521-005), weight 2.03 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantina-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 360 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOTIS / V / MVLTIS / X in four lines within wreath, TCON in exergue; from the Martineit Collection of Ancient and World Coins; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX abbreviates Votis Tricennalibus Multis Quadragennalibus advertising that Constantius had completed his vows (prayers) to thank God for the 30th anniversary of his rule and made more vows to God that he might help him successfully rule to his 40th anniversary.
SH08478. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Arles 261/291, RSC V 342-3r, SRCV V 17951, aEF, weight 3.09 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 357 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX in wreath, PCON (Constantia) in exergue; SOLD


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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RL57024. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 315, LRBC I 306, EF, desert patina, attractive!, weight 3.080 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 327 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VIRTVS CAESS (the valor of the two princes), campgate with four turrets and open gates, S - F at sides, ARLT in exergue; SOLD


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

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"I am the alpha and the omega" is an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). Alpha (A) and omega (Ω) are respectively the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. This would be similar to referring to someone in English as the "A and Z." Thus, twice when the title appears it is further clarified with the additional title "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet were used because the Book of Revelation was originally written in Greek.
RL72448. Bronze reduced double maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Arles 202 (S), Bastien MM 300, SRCV V 18867, Cohen VIII 10, LRBC II -, VF, uneven strike, light scrapes, light corrosion, weight 6.400 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 225o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 350 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS CAESAR, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (the salvation of our noble emperor and caesar), large Christogram (Chi-Rho Christ monogram), flanked by A - W (meaning Christ is the alpha and omega), [...]AR(?) in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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Constans' cruelty, misrule and homosexuality made himself extremely unpopular. On 18 January 350, the army in Gaul proclaimed Magnentius emperor and Constans was forced to flee to Spain where he was assassinated. Magnentius ruled the Western Roman Empire and was far more tolerant towards Pagans.
RL66892. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 139, EF, flat strike areas on reverse, weight 4.039 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 350 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Magnentius standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, standard in left, F left, SAR in exergue; scarce; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 20, 2019.
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