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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Arelatum||View Options:  |  |  | 

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon type is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RB89960. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196 (R2), SRCV IV 15347, Cohen VII 101, Hunter V 24 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, excellent centering, dark green patina, a few tiny spots of porosity, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, SARL (S engraved over P?) in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL89629. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 185 (R4), SRCV IV 16298, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, gVF, nice portrait, green patina with some silvering, earthen encrustations, weight 3.181 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over garlanded altar, S - A divided by star above and within crescent with horns upward in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex ECaesars Numismatics (eBay, Feb 2006); very rare; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Zach Beasley, formerly the owner operator of Beast Coins, and now the Senior Numismatist at Heritage Auctions, assembled a collection of Roman coins with Latin reverse legends abbreviating Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpatua. These reverse legends translate, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." We are pleased offer some of the coins from this collection, which are among the finest examples of the types.
RL89616. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 185 (R5), SRCV IV 16298, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, highlighting red earthen fill, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over garlanded altar, T - A divided by star above and within crescent with horns upward in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; very rare; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On July 4, 325, in Nicea, a little town near the Bosporus Straits, Constantine the Great entered the hall in his imperial, jewel-encrusted, multicolored brocades, but this time without his usual train of soldiers. In the hall about three hundred Christian bishops and deacons were gathered around the Gospels laying open on a table. Constantine spoke briefly. He told them to come to agreement on the crucial questions dividing them. "Division in the church," he said, "is worse than war." Nicea began a new era for Christianity. Some of these churchmen carried scars of the imperial lash. One pastor from Egypt was missing an eye; another was crippled in both hands as a result of red-hot irons. The persecuted had become the respected advisers of the emperor. The once-despised church was on its way to becoming the state religion.
RL91645. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 286, LRBC I 290, SRCV IV 16244, Cohen VII 454, Hunter V -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, dark patina, light deposits, weight 2.853 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, PA crescent RL in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL88065. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Arles 129 (R2), Hunter V 29, SRCV IV 16713, Cohen VII 99; only issued by the 4th officina, VF, dark patina, tight flan, stuck with worn/damaged dies, weight 2.782 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 1 Mar 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Mars advancing right, nude but for helmet, boots and chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, transverse spear in right, round shield on left arm, R S at sides, QARL in exergue; scarce; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon centenionalis is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RL71444. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196; Depeyrot EMA p. 45, 22/3; SRCV IV 15347; Cohen VII 101, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, TARL in exergue; $32.00 (€28.16)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL88523. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 216 (R2), SRCV IV 16187, Cohen VII 85, Hunter V -, aVF, green patina, scratches, corrosion, weight 2.396 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSTANTINI AVG, VO/TIS / XX in three lines, PA below horizontal exergue line; rare; $26.00 (€22.88)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL88607. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 190, SRCV IV 16299, Cohen VII 636 640, Hunter V 118 var. (first officina, altar ornamented), F, well centered, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 2.469 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal prince), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT / P R over undecorated column altar, SARL in exergue; scarce; $19.00 (€16.72)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL88619. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 190 (R2), SRCV IV 16299, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, aF, rough, edge chip, weight 1.923 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over undecorated tall rectangular altar, SARL in exergue; scarce; $12.00 (€10.56)
 







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REFERENCES|

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 20, 2019.
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