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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Arelatum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL91659. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 168 (S), Bastien MM 238, SRCV V 18893, Cohen VIII -, LRBC II -, gVF, some legend weak, reverse slightly off center, tight flan, weight 4.589 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, spring 351 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS CAESAR, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, together holding between them a wreath, VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within, FSAR in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $250.00 (€220.00)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon type is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RB89960. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196 (R2), SRCV IV 15347, Cohen VII 101, Hunter V 24 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, excellent centering, dark green patina, a few tiny spots of porosity, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, SARL (S engraved over P?) in exergue; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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"I am the alpha and the omega" is an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). Alpha (A) and omega (Ω) are respectively the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. This would be similar to referring to someone in English as the "A and Z." Thus, twice when the title appears it is further clarified with the additional title "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet were used because the Book of Revelation was originally written in Greek.
RL91540. Bronze reduced double maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Arles 194 (S), Bastien MM 285, LRBC II 447, SRCV V 18781, Hunter V -, aF, a little rough and porous, part of edge ragged with a split, weight 5.717 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 1 Jan - 10 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (the salvation of our noble emperor and caesar), large Christogram (Chi-Rho, Christ monogram), flanked by A - W (meaning Christ is the alpha and omega, first and last), SAR[•?] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL89629. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 185 (R4), SRCV IV 16298, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, gVF, nice portrait, green patina with some silvering, earthen encrustations, weight 3.181 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over garlanded altar, S - A divided by star above and within crescent with horns upward in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex ECaesars Numismatics (eBay, Feb 2006); very rare; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.50
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Zach Beasley, formerly the owner operator of Beast Coins, and now the Senior Numismatist at Heritage Auctions, assembled a collection of Roman coins with Latin reverse legends abbreviating Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpatua. These reverse legends translate, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." We are pleased offer some of the coins from this collection, which are among the finest examples of the types.
RL89616. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 185 (R5), SRCV IV 16298, Cohen VII 636, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, highlighting red earthen fill, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over garlanded altar, T - A divided by star above and within crescent with horns upward in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; very rare; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On July 4, 325, in Nicea, a little town near the Bosporus Straits, Constantine the Great entered the hall in his imperial, jewel-encrusted, multicolored brocades, but this time without his usual train of soldiers. In the hall about three hundred Christian bishops and deacons were gathered around the Gospels laying open on a table. Constantine spoke briefly. He told them to come to agreement on the crucial questions dividing them. "Division in the church," he said, "is worse than war." Nicea began a new era for Christianity. Some of these churchmen carried scars of the imperial lash. One pastor from Egypt was missing an eye; another was crippled in both hands as a result of red-hot irons. The persecuted had become the respected advisers of the emperor. The once-despised church was on its way to becoming the state religion.
RL91645. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 286, LRBC I 290, SRCV IV 16244, Cohen VII 454, Hunter V -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, dark patina, light deposits, weight 2.853 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, star above, PA crescent RL in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL88065. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Arles 129 (R2), Hunter V 29, SRCV IV 16713, Cohen VII 99; only issued by the 4th officina, VF, dark patina, tight flan, stuck with worn/damaged dies, weight 2.782 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 1 Mar 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Mars advancing right, nude but for helmet, boots and chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, transverse spear in right, round shield on left arm, R S at sides, QARL in exergue; scarce; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


City of Rome Commemorative, 333 - 334 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL92029. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 379 (R3), SRCV IV 16498, LRBC I 382, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 4 var. (2nd officina), VF, green patina, edge chips, weight 1.704 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, wreath with pellet in center between two stars above, PCONST (Constantia) in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics; scarce; $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $35.00 ON RESERVE


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL89943. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Arles 129 (R2), Hunter V 29, SRCV IV 16713, Cohen VII 99; only issued by the 4th officina, aVF, dark patina, fantastic Mars, weight 2.732 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 1 Mar 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Mars advancing right, nude but for helmet, boots and chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, round shield on left arm, R - S at sides, QARL in exergue; scarce; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.20
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon centenionalis is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RL71444. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196; Depeyrot EMA p. 45, 22/3; SRCV IV 15347; Cohen VII 101, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, TARL in exergue; $32.00 SALE |PRICE| $28.80
 




  



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REFERENCES|

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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