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Saturn was a major Roman god identified with the Greek deity Cronus, and the mythologies of the two gods are commonly mixed. Saturn had a temple on the Forum Romanum, which contained the Royal Treasury. Saturn is the namesake of both Saturn, the planet, and Saturday. In Roman mythology, when Jupiter ascended the throne of the Gods, Saturn fled to Rome and established the Golden Age, a time of perfect peace and harmony, which lasted as long as he reigned. In memory of the Golden Age, the Feast of Saturnalia was held every year at the Winter Solstice. Saturnalia was an occasion for celebration and visits to friends. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. No war could be declared. Executions were postponed. Homes were decorated with greenery. And it was a season for giving gifts, particularly wax candles, perhaps to signify the returning light after the solstice. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
Roman Republic, Anonymous ( ), 128 B.C.
The recalls the of L. Caecilius Metellus over Hasdrubal at in 250 B.C. and the capture of Hasdrubal's elephants. The moneyer is perhaps L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus, Consul 117 B.C., or L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, Consul 119 B.C. RR84586. Bronze , 262/2, 497, 1048, 880, VF, nice dark green with buff earthen highlighting, tight partially , 7.242 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 90o, mint, 128 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; galley prow right, wearing facing right above, S (mark of value) right, below; ex CNG ( of bulk lot), ex ; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, 106 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
CE76909. Silver , cf. A/II M14 (possibly same prototype but not very similar), cf. possible prototype: 313/1 ( mint, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.), F, scratches, with some areas unstruck, 3.596 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 45o, of Saturn(?) right; right, MEΛΛIVS (or similar) in ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.
In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be , the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.RR66996. Bronze , 869, 464, 242/2, 955, aF, rough, 8.377 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, mint, c. 135 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; prow of galley right, C·AVG above, S (mark of value) on right, below; $70.00 (€62.30)
Roman Republic, TP or PT ( Petronius?), 169 - 158 B.C.
attributed the as a for . notes the and are of and speculates the moneyer may be Petronius.RR69330. Bronze , 177/2, 353a (R4), 843, F, 16.187 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, mint, 169 - 158 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, L below, S behind; galley prow right, TP or PT above, S right, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ; $60.00 (€53.40)
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