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Astarte is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the principal goddess of the Phoenicians (Ashtoreth), representing the productive power of nature. In Phoenician mythology, she was a daughter of Sky and Earth and sister of the god El. Astarte was connected with fertility, sexuality, and war. Her symbols were the lion, the horse, the sphinx, the dove, and a star within a circle indicating the planet Venus. Her name is the second name in a Wicca energy chant: "Isis, Astarte, Diana, Hecate, Demeter, Kali, Inanna."
|Ancient Arados, surrounded by massive walls on an island about 800 m long by 500 m wide, about 50 kmof Tripolis, was an important trading city with an artificial harbor on the east toward the mainland. Its powerful navy and ships are mentioned in the monuments of and . The Biblical "Arvad" is noted as the forefather of the "Arvadites," a Canaanite people. Arados directly ruled some nearby cities on the mainland, such as Marat (Amrit today) nearly opposite the island, and held hegemony over the northern Phoenician cities from the mouth of the to the northern limits of Lebanon (similar to in the south). Under the Persians, Arwad was allowed to unite in a confederation with and Tyre, with a common council at Tripolis. In 332 B.C., Arados submitted to Alexander the Great without a struggle under her Strato, who sent his navy to aid Alexander in the reduction of Tyre. The city received the favor of the Seleucid kings of and enjoyed the right of asylum for political refugees. It is mentioned in a rescript from about 138 B.C. in connection with other cities and rulers of the East, to show favor to the Jews. This was after had begun to interfere in the affairs of Judea and and indicates that Arwad was of considerable importance at that time.|