Piakos, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
Struck with unsigned dies by the ?Maestro della Foglia.? was the first to suggest that this famed artist who magnificent masterpieces for Katane, was also the engraver for the dies of this Piakos coinage. Other experts have agreed. This particular might have been his very first . dates the to a possible period of transitory independence, 425 - 424 B.C., during the time of the first Carthaginian invasion of to shortly after Gela's conference. Other authorities date it as late as 400 B.C.SH71341. Bronze tetras,
Segesta, , c. 390 - 380 B.C.
Segesta, in the northwestern , was one of the major cities of the Elymians, one of the three indigenous peoples of . Greeks settled in the city and the Elymians were quickly Hellenized. Segesta was in eternal conflict with Selinus. The first clashes were in 580 - 576 B.C., and again in 454 B.C. In 415 B.C. Segesta asked Athens for against Selinus, leading to a disastrous Athenian expedition in . Later they asked for . After destroyed Selinus, Segesta remained a loyal ally. It was besieged by Dionysius of in 397 B.C., and destroyed by Agathocles in 307 B.C., but recovered. In 276 B.C. the city allied with Pyrrhus, but changed sides and surrendered to the Romans in 260 B.C. Due to the mythical common origin of the Romans and the Elymians (both descendants of refugees from Troy), Rome designated Segesta a "free and immune" city. In 104 B.C., the slave rebellion led by Athenion started in Segesta. Little is known about the city under Roman rule. It was destroyed by the .BB76867. Bronze hexas,
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious and cited him as an example of those who by their crimes come to be princes. According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76940. Bronze AE 13, cf.
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., ,
is depicted here in the same pose as The of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Musée du Louvre, .RP79982. Bronze AE 25,
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RP72130. Bronze
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RX76581.
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