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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Apollonia Pontica||View Options:  |  |  |   

Apollonia Pontica, Thrace

Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.


Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, 450 - 400 B.C.

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Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.
GS29544. Silver drachm, Topalov Apollonia p. 342, 6; Pozzi 2563; HGC 3.2 1324; SNG BM -; SNG Stancomb -; SNG Cop -, gVF, weight 3.360 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse Attic style gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), human hair, wearing taenia, snakes around, tongue protruding; reverse upside-down anchor, A left, crayfish right; very rare; SOLD


Five Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87185. Bronze Ring Money, 5 rings, VF, nice patinas, symmetric, well formed, (1x) Victoor -, Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, 4 knobs each ornamented with two nubs, 40.934g, 62mm, Very large and extremely rare; (1x) Victoor -, Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, triangular with each vertex ornamented with a knob trigon, 7.583g, 19mm, extremely rare; (3x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, each c. 3.8g, c. 26mm; SOLD


Four Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87187. Bronze Ring Money, 4 bronze rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, (1x) Victoor VIII-23 & VIII-24 (smaller and cruder), Topalov Apollonia -, Burgos -, gear-wheel type ring with eight spokes and 24 teeth, 34.995g, 54mm, very large and extremely rare; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, 3.981g, c. 27mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, two rings interlocked, each with 3 groups of 2 globules, 8.914g, c. 28mm each; SOLD


Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, 480 - 450 B.C.

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Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.
GA33797. Silver drachm, Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 41; SNG BM 153; SNG Cop 454; SGCV I 1655; HGC 3.2 1323, VF, desirable early archaic type, typical ragged flan, weight 3.342 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, 480/478 - 450 B.C.; obverse anchor flukes up, curved stock, crayfish left, A right; reverse archaic Ionian style gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), snakes for hair, large open mouth, teeth and long protruding tongue, reverse is concave; SOLD


Five Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87188. Bronze Ring Money, 5 rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 88, III.0, 8 sets of 3 knobs, asymmetric, 60.234g, 70mm, very large, scarce; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 104 - 105, XVII, three-blade propeller type ring, 1.514g, 32mm; (2x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, c. 3.4g, c. 26mm each; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VII.0, 3 globules, 1.630g, c. 20mm; SOLD


Four Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87189. Bronze Ring Money, 4 rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, (1x) cf. Topalov Apollonia I p. 88, III.0, 10 sets of 3 knobs, symmetric, 56.833g, 84mm, very large, scarce; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 93, XII.0, cylindrical ring with three rings of knobs, 5.202g, 19mm diameter, 8mm long; (1x) Topalov Apollonia p. 92, XI.0, ring with 7 large knobs, 9.870g, 26mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, 3.184g, 24mm; SOLD


Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, 450 - 400 B.C.

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Homer wrote about the Gorgon on four occasions, but only about the head, as if the creature had no body. Up to the 5th century B.C., the head depicted was very ugly, with her tongue sticking out, boar tusks, puffy cheeks, her eyeballs staring straight ahead and the snakes twisting all around her. The direct frontal stare was highly unusual in ancient Greek art. In some cases a beard, (probably representing streaks of blood) was added to her chin, making her appear as a wild. Gorgoneia painted on the shields of warriors on mid-5th century Greek vases, however, are not as ugly, strange or frightening. By that time, the Gorgon had lost her tusks and the snakes were rather stylized. The Hellenistic marble known as the Medusa Rondanini shows how the Gorgon changed over time into a beautiful woman..Medusa Rondanini
GS33796. Silver drachm, SNG BM 159; SNG Cop 456; BMC Mysia p. 9, 10, gVF, weight 3.277 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 315o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse Attic style gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), wearing taenia, normal human hair, snakes around; reverse upside-down anchor, A right, crayfish right; scarcer transitional type; SOLD


Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, c. 480 - 450 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.
GS84182. Silver drachm, Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 41; SNG BM 153; SNG Cop 454; SGCV I 1655; HGC 3.2 1323, VF, excellent style, tight flan, edge crack, weight 3.136 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 270o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, c. 480/478 - 450 B.C.; obverse upside-down anchor, crayfish left, A right; reverse Attic style gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), wearing taenia, normal human hair, snakes around; ex Forum (2009); SOLD


Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, c. 480 - 450 B.C.

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A gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgůs, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GS33802. Silver drachm, Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 41; SNG BM 153; SNG Cop 454; SGCV I 1655; HGC 3.2 1323, VF, weight 3.041 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 225o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, c. 480/478 - 450 B.C.; obverse anchor flukes up, curved stock, crayfish left, A right; reverse archaic Ionian style gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), snakes for hair, large open mouth, visible teeth, long protruding tongue; SOLD


Six Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87183. Bronze Ring Money, 6 bronze rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, symmetric, well formed, (1x) cf. Victoor IX-2b, Topalov Apollonia p. 109, XIX.0, wheel ring with four spokes, 10.442g, 31mm; (2x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, c. 3.9g, c. 26mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, two rings interlocked, each with 3 groups of 2 globules, 8.064g, c. 29mm each; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VII.0, 3 globules, 3.780g, c. 22mm; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Hoover, O. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 3 - Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors. Part II: Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike, Sixth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, 2017).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Monnaies Grecques. (Amsterdam, 1883).
Naville Co. Monnaies grecques antiques S. Pozzi. Auction 1. (4 April 1921, Geneva).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Topalov, S. Apollonia Pontica, Contribution to the Study of the Coin Minting of the City 6th - 1st c. B.C. (Sofia, 2007).
Victoor, R. Roulles Celtes et Objets Assimilťs. (RosendaŽl-lez-Dunkerque, 1989).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Mysia. (London, 1892).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 14, 2019.
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Apollonia Pontica