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Signed Ancient Coins
Some of the finest master die engravers were famous in their own time and even cut dies for several cities. Only the most exceptional die engravers, and even then only rarely, were permitted to sign their work. Most of these "signatures" consist of only a few discrete letters, sometimes hidden in the hair but sometimes more prominent. Examples include KIM for Kimon,
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with examples signed E or EΞ. Stylistic differences suggest other engravers also worked the issue. This example, signed EE, is of the very finest and clearly the of Exakestidas. EΞ was probably intended. No other examples of the signed EE are known to .
SH83659. Bronze tetras, cf. II p. 59 ff., 29 (unlisted dies); 385; 679; 1107; 1432 (R1, 415-405 B.C.); -; -, aEF, the finest , nice green , light corrosion, edge flaws, 2.23 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 90o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and necklace, , EE (master engraver signature, blundered EΞ for Exakestidas) lower left below hair; octopus; ex Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG, auction 6 (9 Apr 2015), lot 68; $450.00 (Ä400.50)
, , c. 415 B.C.; Signed by Phrygillos
and signed by the master Phrygillos. referring to this notes, "Coins exist signed by signed by Kimon (KIM), Phrygillos (ΦPI), Eukleidas (EY) and by an unknown engraver with the letter E (Eumenes?)." The signature on this coin is clear.GI74382. Bronze hemilitron,
Massalia, Gaul (Marseilles, France), c. 4th Century B.C.
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