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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Justice & Equity||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

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In 168 A.D., Marcus Aurelius campaigned against the Marcomanni.
RS89842. Silver denarius, RIC III 578, RSC II 310, BMCRE IV 472, Hunter II -, SRCV -, VF, well centered, light toning, flow lines, some die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.111 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 168 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP IIII COS III (holder of tribunition power 8 years, imperator 4 times, consul 3 times), Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; $150.00 (132.00)


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.

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In 168, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus left Rome, establish their headquarters at Aquileia. The Roman army crossed the Alps into Pannonia and subdued the Marcomanni at Carnuntum north of the Danube.
RS92459. Silver denarius, Hunter II 41, RIC III 595, RSC II 318, BMCRE IV 481, SRCV II 5362, VF, excellent portrait, toned, flow lines, die wear, tight flan, small encrustations, weight 3.264 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb - Dec 168 A.D.; obverse L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P VIII IMP V COS III, Aequitas seated left, feet on footstool, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (79.20)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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Justitia is the Roman goddess or personification of justice. She was not depicted on many Roman coin types. Perhaps this coin would make a nice gift for a lawyer or judge!
RB91594. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE VI 613, Hunter III 127, RIC IV 563b (S), Cohen IV 106 var. (cuirassed), SRCV II 7971 var. (no drapery), F, well centered, a little porous, a little rough, weight 20.838 g, maximum diameter 35.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 230 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate head right; reverse IVSTITIA AVGVSTI, Justitia seated left, patera in right hand, scepter in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $45.00 (39.60)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA74573. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1610i, RSC IV 25c, RIC V-1 S627, Hunter IV p. lxix, SRCV III 10168, VF, nice portrait, white metal, parts of legends weak, porous, weight 3.689 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 170o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in exergue; $36.00 (31.68)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In 262, the Goths invaded Asia Minor and destroyed the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
RL88814. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 500q (VI), Hunter IV S9, RSC IV 25a, SRCV III 10167, RIC V-1 S159 var. (officina), F, well centered, tight flan, earthen deposits, scattered light porosity, weight 2.968 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina(?), Rome mint, c. 262 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, III (probably poorly engraved VI) in right field; $17.00 (14.96)







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019.
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Justice